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1 April 2003 Ultraviolet (280–400 nm)–induced DNA Damage in the Eggs and Larvae of Calanus finmarchicus G. (Copepoda) and Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua)
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In previous work, we evaluated the effects of ultraviolet (UV = 280–400 nm) radiation on the early life stages of a planktonic Calanoid copepod (Calanus finmarchicus Gunnerus) and of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Both are key species in North Atlantic food webs. To further describe the potential impacts of UV exposure on the early life stages of these two species, we measured the wavelength-specific DNA damage (cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer [CPD] formation per megabase of DNA) induced under controlled experimental exposure to UV radiation. UV-induced DNA damage in C. finmarchicus and cod eggs was highest in the UV-B exposure treatments. Under the same spectral exposures, CPD loads in C. finmarchicus eggs were higher than those in cod eggs, and for both C. finmarchicus and cod embryos, CPD loads were generally lower in eggs than in larvae. Biological weighting functions (BWF) and exposure response curves that explain most of the variability in CPD production were derived from these data. Comparison of the BWF revealed significant differences in sensitivity to UV-B: C. finmarchicus is more sensitive than cod, and larvae are more sensitive than eggs. This is consistent with the raw CPD values. Shapes of the BWF were similar to each other and to a quantitative action spectrum for damage to T7 bacteriophage DNA that is unshielded by cellular material. The strong similarities in the shapes of the weighting functions are not consistent with photoprotection by UV-absorbing compounds, which would generate features in BWF corresponding to absorption bands. The BWF reported in this study were applied to assess the mortality that would result from accumulation of a given CPD load: for both C. finmarchicus and cod eggs, an increased load of 10 CPD Mb−1 of DNA due to UV exposure would result in approximately 10% mortality.

Howard I. Browman, Russell D. Vetter, Carolina Alonso Rodriguez, John J. Cullen, Richard F. Davis, Eric Lynn, and Jean-François St. Pierre "Ultraviolet (280–400 nm)–induced DNA Damage in the Eggs and Larvae of Calanus finmarchicus G. (Copepoda) and Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua)," Photochemistry and Photobiology 77(4), 397-404, (1 April 2003).<0397:UNDDIT>2.0.CO;2
Received: 19 December 2002; Accepted: 1 January 2003; Published: 1 April 2003

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