An in vitro and in vivo structure–activity relationship study was carried out on a series of benzochlorins with variable lipophilicity. The structural features evaluated in this study include the length of the alkyl or fluoroalkyl groups attached to the six-member exocyclic ring either by an ether or by a carbon–carbon bond. In preliminary in vitro (radiation-induced fibrosarcoma [RIF] cells) and in vivo screening (C3H mice, bearing RIF tumors), all Zn (II) benzochlorins were found to be effective. However, benzochlorins bearing alkyl groups with carbon–carbon bonds showed enhanced efficacy compared with the related alkyl ether analogs. A comparative intracellular localization study of the newly synthesized benzochlorins with Rhodamine-123 indicated that the effective photosensitizers localize in mitochondria, and a displacement study with PK11195 showed their partial affinity for the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR). Interestingly, compared with the Zn(II) benzochlorin that was found to be quite effective in vivo, the corresponding free-base analog produced less photosensitizing activity and was found to localize in lysosomes. A comparative study with dansyl-proline confirmed the binding of the effective benzochlorins to Site II of human serum albumin (HSA). However, no direct correlation was observed between the binding constant values (to HSA or to PBR) of benzochlorins and their photosensitizing ability.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 77 • No. 5