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1 August 2003 Chloroplast Biogenesis 87: Evidence of Resonance Excitation Energy Transfer Between Tetrapyrrole Intermediates of the Chlorophyll Biosynthetic Pathway and Chlorophyll a
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The thorough understanding of photosynthetic membrane assembly requires a deeper knowledge of the coordination of chlorophyll (Chl) and thylakoid apoprotein biosynthesis. As a working model for future investigations, we have proposed three Chl–thylakoid apoprotein biosynthesis models, namely, a single-branched Chl biosynthetic pathway (SBP) single-location model, an SBP multilocation model and a multibranched Chl biosynthetic pathway (MBP) sublocation model. Rejection or validation of these models can be probed by determination of resonance excitation energy transfer between various tetrapyrrole intermediates of the Chl biosynthetic pathway and various thylakoid Chl–protein complexes. In this study we describe the detection of resonance energy transfer between protoporphyrin IX (Proto), Mg-Proto and its monomethyl ester (Mp(e)) and divinyl and monovinyl protochlorophyllide a (Pchlide a) and several Chl–protein complexes. Induction of various amounts of tetrapyrrole accumulation in green photoperiodically grown cucumber cotyledons and barley leaves was achieved by dark incubation of excised tissues with delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and various concentrations of 2,2′-dipyridyl for various periods of time. Controls were incubated in distilled water. After plastid isolation, treated and control plastids were diluted in buffered glycerol to the same Chl concentration. Excitation spectra were then recorded at 77 K at emission maxima of about 686, 694 and 738 nm. Resonance excitation energy transfer from Proto, Mp(e) and Pchlide a to Chl–protein complexes emitting at 686, 694 and 738 nm was observed by calculation of treated minus control difference excitation spectra. The occurrence of resonance excitation energy transfer between anabolic tetrapyrroles and Chl–protein complexes appeared as well-defined excitation bands with excitation maxima corresponding to those of Proto, Mp(e) and Pchlide a. Furthermore, it appeared that resonance excitation energy transfer from multiple short-wavelength, medium-wavelength and long-wavelength Proto, Mp(e) and Chlide a sites to various Chl–protein complexes took place. Because resonance excitation transfer from donors to acceptors cannot take place at distances larger than 100 Å, it is proposed that the observed resonance excitation energy transfers are not compatible with the SBP single-location Chl biosynthesis thylakoid membrane biogenesis model. The latter assumes that a single-branched Chl biosynthetic pathway located in the center of a 450 × 130 Å photosynthetic unit generates all of the Chl needed for the assembly of all Chl–protein complexes.

Vladimir L. Kolossov, Karen J. Kopetz, and Constantin A. Rebeiz "Chloroplast Biogenesis 87: Evidence of Resonance Excitation Energy Transfer Between Tetrapyrrole Intermediates of the Chlorophyll Biosynthetic Pathway and Chlorophyll a," Photochemistry and Photobiology 78(2), 184-196, (1 August 2003).<0184:CBEORE>2.0.CO;2
Received: 22 December 2002; Accepted: 1 May 2003; Published: 1 August 2003

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