Tumor hypoxia, either preexisting or as a result of oxygen depletion during photodynamic therapy (PDT) light irradiation, can significantly reduce the effectiveness of PDT-induced cell killing. To overcome tumor hypoxia and improve tumor cell killing, we propose using supplemental hyperoxygenation during Photofrin-PDT. The mechanism for the tumor cure enhancement of the hyperoxygenation–PDT combination is investigated using an in vivo–in vitro technique. A hypoxic tumor model was established by implanting mammary adenocarcinoma in the hind legs of mice. Light irradiation (200 J/cm2 at either 75 or 150 mW/cm2), under various oxygen supplemental conditions (room air, carbogen, 100% normobaric or hyperbaric oxygen), was delivered to animals that received 12.5 mg/kg Photofrin 24 h before light irradiation. Tumors were harvested at various time points after PDT and grown in vitro for colony formation analysis. Treated tumors were also analyzed histologically. The results show that when PDT is combined with hyperoxygenation, the hypoxic condition could be improved and the cell killing rate at various time points after PDT could be significantly enhanced over that without hyperoxygenation, suggesting an enhanced direct and indirect cell killing associated with high-concentration oxygen breathing. This study further confirms our earlier observation that when a PDT treatment is combined with hyperoxygenation it can be more effective in controlling hypoxic tumors.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 78 • No. 5