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1 November 2003 In Vitro and In Vivo Investigations on the Photodynamic Activity of Core-modified Expanded Porphyrin—Ammonium Salt of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-(meso-p-sulfonato phenyl)-25,27,29-trithia Sapphyrin
D. Parmeswaran, S. K. Pushpan, A. Srinivasan, M. Ravi Kumar, T. K. Chandrashekar, S. Ganesan
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Abstract

The core modification of expanded porphyrins has been proved to have better photochemical properties, which are favorable for photodynamic therapy (PDT) applications. In this context, this study was aimed to investigate the in vitro and in vivo photodynamic activity of one such core-modified expanded porphyrin, namely, ammonium salt of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-(meso-p-sulfonato phenyl)-25,27,29-trithia sapphyrin. For the in vitro studies, human erythrocytes were used as a membrane semimodel system to investigate the partitioning ability and drug-uptake characteristics. The partition studies on the membrane semimodel system revealed that maximum partitioning occurs at 12 µgm/mL concentration, and from the drug-uptake studies it is observed that maximum amount of the sensitizer is bound to the erythrocyte membranes during a 45 min incubation period. Photohemolysis studies at different concentrations of the sensitizer and exposure time showed maximum damage at 5 µgm/mL and 30 min exposure time. In vivo studies were performed on 7,12-dimethylbenz-(a)nthracene–induced superficial squamous cell carcinoma on mouse skin. The sensitizer at a concentration of 2.5% in 2.0% dimethyl sulfoxide was applied topically on the tumor spot. After 1 h incubation the tumor spot was exposed to laser irradiation from Nd–YAG laser at its second harmonic wavelength of 532 nm. The photodynamic efficacy was estimated by tumor volume measurements at regular intervals after the treatment. One month after PDT exposure a 3.9-fold decrease in the tumor volume was observed with respect to the tumor volume before treatment. The treatment efficacy was further confirmed by histological and fluorescence spectroscopic evaluations of the tissue biopsy sample from the treated area. The results of our study suggest that the ammonium salt of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-(meso-p-sulfonato phenyl)-25,27,29-trithia sapphyrin may find possible applications in the new modality of cancer treatment.

D. Parmeswaran, S. K. Pushpan, A. Srinivasan, M. Ravi Kumar, T. K. Chandrashekar, and S. Ganesan "In Vitro and In Vivo Investigations on the Photodynamic Activity of Core-modified Expanded Porphyrin—Ammonium Salt of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-(meso-p-sulfonato phenyl)-25,27,29-trithia Sapphyrin," Photochemistry and Photobiology 78(5), 487-495, (1 November 2003). https://doi.org/10.1562/0031-8655(2003)078<0487:IVAIVI>2.0.CO;2
Received: 20 May 2003; Accepted: 1 August 2003; Published: 1 November 2003
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