To determine the action spectrum for photoinduction of the ultraviolet (UV)-absorbing mycosporine-like amino acid shinorine, specimens of the marine red alga Chondrus crispus were irradiated with monochromatic light of various wavelengths using the Okazaki large spectrograph at the National Institute for Basic Biology, Okazaki, Japan. Fluence response curves were determined for the wavelengths between 280 and 750 nm, by irradiating the algae with monochromatic light for 10 h, followed by 4 h of 25 μmol m−2 s−1 photosynthetically active radiation and 10 h darkness. Samples were taken after the second exposure interval. A linear correlation between fluence rate and accumulated shinorine concentration was detected for wavelengths between 350 and 490 nm in the fluence rate range of 20–30 μmol m−2 s−1, whereas there was no induction above 490 nm. Below 350 nm a decline in shinorine concentration could be observed at fluence rates above 30 μmol m−2 s−1, probably due to an inhibition of photosynthetic activity and a subsequent impairment of shinorine biosynthesis. The constructed action spectrum indicated that the photoreceptors mediating shinorine photoinduction might be an unidentified UV-A–type photoreceptor with absorption peaks at 320, 340 and 400 nm.
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Vol. 79 • No. 6