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1 July 2004 Effects of Supplementary Ultraviolet-B Irradiance on Maize Yield and Qualities: A Field Experiment
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Abstract

Stratospheric ozone depletion has caused an increase in the amount of ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation reaching the earth's surface. Numerous investigations have demonstrated that the effect of UV-B enhancements on plants includes reduction in grain yield, alteration in species competition, susceptibility to disease and changes in plant structure and pigmentation. Many experiments examining UV-B radiation effects on plants have been conducted in growth chambers or greenhouses. It has been questioned whether the effect of UV-B radiation on plants can be extrapolated to field responses from indoor studies because of the unnaturally high ratios of UV-B/ultraviolet-A radiation (320–400 nm) and UV-B/photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) in many indoor studies. Field studies on UV-B radiation effect on plants have been recommended to use the UV and PAR irradiance provided by natural light. This study reports the growth and yield responses of a maize crop exposed to enhanced UV-B radiation and the UV-B effects on maize seed qualities under field conditions. Enhanced UV-B radiation caused a significant reduction in the dry matter accumulation and the maize yield in turn was affected. With increased UV-B radiation the flavonoid accumulation in maize leaves increased and the contents of chlorophyll a, b and (a b) of maize leaves were reduced. The levels of protein, sugar and starch of maize seed decreased with enhanced UV-B radiation, whereas the level of lysine increased with enhanced UV-B radiation.

Wei Gao, Youfei Zheng, James R. Slusser, Gordon M. Heisler, Richard H. Grant, Jianqiang Xu, and Douliang He "Effects of Supplementary Ultraviolet-B Irradiance on Maize Yield and Qualities: A Field Experiment," Photochemistry and Photobiology 80(1), 127-131, (1 July 2004). https://doi.org/10.1562/2004-05-03-RA-156.1
Received: 31 October 2003; Accepted: 1 May 2004; Published: 1 July 2004
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