Pyrene has been a favorite photophysical probe molecule for zeolite research because of its ability to exhibit both monomer and excimer emission upon excitation. This study combines the use of ultrafast time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy with steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy to study the excimer emission of pyrene incorporated within zeolites LiY, NaY, KY and NaX. The effects of sealing technique and coincorporated solvents are also explored. Pyrene excimer emission is resolvable with the use of an ultrafast streak camera under all conditions examined in this study with a rise-time range of 6.8 to 16.0 picoseconds. For each zeolite sample the addition of cosolvents decreases the rise time, with a greater decrease for polar solvents than for a nonpolar solvent. The presence of a detectable rise time for excimer emission indicates that pyrene excimer formation is a dynamic process when pyrene is embedded within the cavities of zeolite host materials.
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Vol. 82 • No. 1