Ghosh, J.C., Izumida, Y., Suzuki, K., Kodama, S. and Watanabe, M. Dose-Dependent Biphasic Accumulation of TP53 Protein in Normal Human Embryo Cells after X Irradiation.
The effects of various doses of X radiation on the kinetics of accumulation of TP53 protein (formerly known as p53) were examined in normal human embryo cells. We found that the rate of accumulation of TP53 protein was biphasic at X-ray doses between 1 and 4 Gy, while monophasic accumulation was observed after X irradiation with doses higher than 6 Gy. The first phase of accumulation was detected within 1 h after irradiation, and a second phase of accumulation was detected between 6 and 12 h after irradiation. The induction of CDKN1A (formerly known as p21WAF1/CIP1) and MDM2 proteins was also biphasic after doses of 4 Gy or less, while monophasic accumulation was observed after 6 Gy or higher. We found that the proteasome inhibitor ALLN increased the constitutive level of TP53 protein, and no change was observed in the TP53 level after X irradiation when cells were treated with ALLN. These results indicate that the dose-dependent accumulation of TP53 is due to an inhibition of TP53 degradation, and that the induction of MDM2 might be responsible in part for the different kinetics of accumulation of TP53.