Karger, C. P., Münter, M. W., Heiland, S., Peschke, P., Debus, J. and Hartmann, G. H. Dose–Response Curves and Tolerance Doses for Late Functional Changes in the Normal Rat Brain after Stereotactic Radiosurgery Evaluated by Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Influence of End Points and Follow-up Time. Radiat. Res. 157, 617–625 (2002).
Late reaction of normal tissue is still a limiting factor in radiotherapy and radiosurgery of patients with brain tumors. Few quantitative data in terms of dose–response curves are available. In the present study, 99 animals were irradiated stereotactically at the right frontal lobe using a linear accelerator and single doses between 26 and 50 Gy. The diameter of the spherical dose distribution was 4.7 mm (80% isodose). Dose–response curves for late changes in the normal brain at 20 months were measured using T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The dependence of the dose–response curves on the follow-up time and the definition of the biological end point were determined. Tolerance doses were calculated at several effect probability levels and times after irradiation. The MRI changes were found to be dependent on dose and progressive in time. At 20 months, the tolerance doses at a 50% effect probability level were 39.6 ± 1.0 Gy and 42.4 ± 1.4 Gy for changes in T1- and T2-weighted images, respectively. These dose–response curves can be used for further quantitative investigations on the influence of various treatment parameters, such as the application of charged particles, radiopharmaceuticals or the variation of tissue oxygenation.