Marathe, D. L. and Mishra, K. P. Radiation-Induced Changes in Permeability in Unilamellar Phospholipid Liposomes. Radiat. Res. 157, 685–692 (2002).
Gamma-radiation-induced oxidative damage in unilamellar dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine liposomes was investigated using a fluorescence technique. Liposomal changes in permeability induced by gamma radiation were monitored by measuring the leakage of pre-encapsulated 6-carboxyfluorescein, and alterations in lipid bilayer fluidity were determined by 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene fluorescence polarization. The changes in permeability and fluidity in the bilayer were found to be dependent on the radiation dose in a biphasic fashion. The results are interpreted in terms of lipid bilayer fluidization after exposure to doses up to 1 kGy, but rigidization of the bilayer at higher doses. These results indicate a relationship between alterations in permeability and fluidity in the lipid bilayer after irradiation. The vesicles were protected significantly against radiation-induced oxidative damage in the presence of α-tocopherol and ascorbic acid. Radiation-induced changes in the permeability of the liposomes after exposure to γ radiation and their modification by antioxidants indicate the involvement of a free radical mechanism in the production of damage, which may offer new insights in to the modification of cellular radiosensitivity by modulation of membrane damage.