Despras, E., Miccoli, L., Créminon, C., Rouillard, D., Angulo, J. F. and Biard, D. S. F. Depletion of KIN17, a Human DNA Replication Protein, Increases the Radiosensitivity of RKO Cells. Radiat. Res. 159, 748–758 (2003).
The human KIN17 protein is a chromatin-associated protein involved in DNA replication. Certain tumor cell lines overproduce KIN17 protein. Among 16 cell lines, the highest KIN17 protein level was observed in H1299 non-small cell lung cancer cells, whereas the lowest was detected in MeWo melanoma cells. Cells displaying higher KIN17 protein levels exhibited elevated RPA70 protein contents. High KIN17 protein levels may be a consequence of the tumorigenic phenotype or a prerequisite for tumor progression. Twenty-four hours after exposure to ionizing radiation, after the completion of DNA repair, a co-induction of chromatin-bound KIN17 and RPA70 proteins was detected. Etoposide, an inhibitor of topoisomerase II generating double-strand breaks, triggered the concentration of KIN17 into punctuate intranuclear foci. KIN17 may be associated with unrepaired DNA sites. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that 48 h after transfection the uppermost KIN17-positive RKO cells shifted in the cell cycle toward higher DNA content, suggesting that KIN17 protein induced defects in chromatin conformation. Cells displaying reduced levels of KIN17 transcript exhibited a sixfold increased radiosensitivity at 2 Gy. The KIN17 protein may be a component of the DNA replication machinery that participates in the cellular response to unrepaired DSBs, and an impaired KIN17 pathway leads to an increased sensitivity to ionizing radiation.