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1 August 2003 p21 / (CDKN1A / ) and p21–/– (CDKN1A–/–) Human Colorectal Carcinoma Cells Display Equivalent Amounts of Thermal Radiosensitization
Carey Larsson, Cheng E. Ng
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Abstract

Larsson, C. L. and Ng, C. E. p21 / (CDKN1A / ) and p21–/– (CDKN1A–/–) Human Colorectal Carcinoma Cells Display Equivalent Amounts of Thermal Radiosensitization. Radiat. Res. 160, 205–209 (2003).

The mechanism of thermal radiosensitization is related to the inhibition of repair of radiation-induced DNA damage by heat. Due to the interaction of the gene p21/WAF1/CIP1 (now known as CDKN1A) with a variety of DNA repair proteins, its involvement in thermal radiosensitization was investigated. Two isogenetic human colorectal cancer cell lines with wild-type TP53 status were used. The 80S4 cell line was deficient in CDKN1A and the HCT116 cells were CDKN1A proficient. Both cell lines were significantly more sensitive to 44°C than 42°C heating (P < 0.01), and both cell lines expressed thermotolerance for heating times longer than about 2 h at the lower temperature. There were no significant differences in the X-radiation response of the two cell lines. Further, the two cell lines displayed similar cell survival levels after hyperthermia given before or after X radiation for both hyperthermia temperatures. Comparison of thermal enhancement ratios confirmed that there was no difference in the amount of thermal radiosensitization induced in the two cell lines. The induction and subsequent repair of DNA double-strand breaks, as measured by clamped homogeneous gel electrophoresis, was also the same in both cell lines. These findings strongly suggest that the gene CDKN1A does not play an important role in the expression of thermal radiosensitization.

Carey Larsson and Cheng E. Ng "p21 / (CDKN1A / ) and p21–/– (CDKN1A–/–) Human Colorectal Carcinoma Cells Display Equivalent Amounts of Thermal Radiosensitization," Radiation Research 160(2), 205-209, (1 August 2003). https://doi.org/10.1667/3031
Received: 16 January 2003; Accepted: 1 March 2003; Published: 1 August 2003
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