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1 February 2004 Measurement of DNA Damage and Apoptosis in Molt-4 Cells after In Vitro Exposure to Radiofrequency Radiation
Graham J. Hook, Peng Zhang, I. Lagroye, Li Li, Ryuji Higashikubo, Eduardo G. Moros, William L. Straube, William F. Pickard, Jack D. Baty, Joseph L. Roti Roti
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Abstract

Hook, G. J., Zhang, P., Lagroye, I., Li, L., Higashikubo, R., Moros, E. G., Straube, W. L., Pickard, W. F., Baty, J. D. and Roti Roti, J. L. Measurement of DNA Damage and Apoptosis in Molt-4 Cells after In Vitro Exposure to Radiofrequency Radiation. Radiat. Res. 161, 193–200 (2004).

To determine whether exposure to radiofrequency (RF) radiation can induce DNA damage or apoptosis, Molt-4 T lymphoblastoid cells were exposed with RF fields at frequencies and modulations of the type used by wireless communication devices. Four types of frequency/modulation forms were studied: 847.74 MHz code-division multiple-access (CDMA), 835.62 MHz frequency-division multiple-access (FDMA), 813.56 MHz iDEN® (iDEN), and 836.55 MHz time-division multiple-access (TDMA). Exponentially growing cells were exposed to RF radiation for periods up to 24 h using a radial transmission line (RTL) exposure system. The specific absorption rates used were 3.2 W/kg for CDMA and FDMA, 2.4 or 24 mW/kg for iDEN, and 2.6 or 26 mW/kg for TDMA. The temperature in the RTLs was maintained at 37°C ± 0.3°C. DNA damage was measured using the single-cell gel electrophoresis assay. The annexin V affinity assay was used to detect apoptosis. No statistically significant difference in the level of DNA damage or apoptosis was observed between sham-treated cells and cells exposed to RF radiation for any frequency, modulation or exposure time. Our results show that exposure of Molt-4 cells to CDMA, FDMA, iDEN or TDMA modulated RF radiation does not induce alterations in level of DNA damage or induce apoptosis.

Graham J. Hook, Peng Zhang, I. Lagroye, Li Li, Ryuji Higashikubo, Eduardo G. Moros, William L. Straube, William F. Pickard, Jack D. Baty, and Joseph L. Roti Roti "Measurement of DNA Damage and Apoptosis in Molt-4 Cells after In Vitro Exposure to Radiofrequency Radiation," Radiation Research 161(2), 193-200, (1 February 2004). https://doi.org/10.1667/RR3127
Received: 5 December 2002; Accepted: 1 October 2003; Published: 1 February 2004
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