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1 March 2004 Adaptive Response in Embryogenesis: V. Existence of Two Efficient Dose-Rate Ranges for 0.3 Gy of Priming Irradiation to Adapt Mouse Fetuses
Bing Wang, Harumi Ohyama, Yi Shang, Kaoru Tanaka, Shiro Aizawa, Osami Yukawa, Isamu Hayata
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Abstract

Wang, B., Ohyama, H., Shang, Y., Tanaka, K., Aizawa, S., Yukawa, O. and Hayata, I. Adaptive Response in Embryogenesis: V. Existence of Two Efficient Dose-Rate Ranges for 0.3 Gy of Priming Irradiation to Adapt Mouse Fetuses. Radiat. Res. 161, 264–272 (2004).

The adaptive response is an important phenomenon in radiobiology. A study of the conditions essential for the induction of an adaptive response is of critical importance to understanding the novel biological defense mechanisms against the hazardous effects of radiation. In our previous studies, the specific dose and timing of radiation for induction of an adaptive response were studied in ICR mouse fetuses. We found that exposure of the fetuses on embryonic day 11 to a priming dose of 0.3 Gy significantly suppressed prenatal death and malformation induced by a challenging dose of radiation on embryonic day 12. Since a significant dose-rate effect has been observed in a variety of radiobiological phenomena, the effect of dose rate on the effectiveness of induction of an adaptive response by a priming dose of 0.3 Gy administered to fetuses on embryonic day 11 was investigated over the range from 0.06 to 5.0 Gy/min. The occurrence of apoptosis in limb buds, incidences of prenatal death and digital defects, and postnatal mortality induced by a challenging dose of 3.5 Gy given at 1.8 Gy/min to the fetuses on embryonic day 12 were the biological end points examined. Unexpectedly, effective induction of an adaptive response was observed within two dose-rate ranges for the same dose of priming radiation, from 0.18 to 0.98 Gy/ min and from 3.5 to 4.6 Gy/min, for reduction of the detrimental effect induced by a challenging dose of 3.5 Gy. In contrast, when the priming irradiation was delivered at a dose rate outside these two ranges, no protective effect was observed, and at some dose rates elevation of detrimental effects was observed. In general, neither a normal nor a reverse dose- rate effect was found in the dose-rate range tested. These results clearly indicated that the dose rate at which the priming irradiation was delivered played a crucial role in the induction of an adaptive response. This paper provides the first evidence for the existence of two dose-rate ranges for the same dose of priming radiation to successfully induce an adaptive response in mouse fetuses.

Bing Wang, Harumi Ohyama, Yi Shang, Kaoru Tanaka, Shiro Aizawa, Osami Yukawa, and Isamu Hayata "Adaptive Response in Embryogenesis: V. Existence of Two Efficient Dose-Rate Ranges for 0.3 Gy of Priming Irradiation to Adapt Mouse Fetuses," Radiation Research 161(3), 264-272, (1 March 2004). https://doi.org/10.1667/RR3141
Received: 9 September 2003; Accepted: 1 November 2003; Published: 1 March 2004
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