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1 January 2007 Initial Yields of DNA Double-Strand Breaks and DNA Fragmentation Patterns Depend on Linear Energy Transfer in Tobacco BY-2 Protoplasts Irradiated with Helium, Carbon and Neon Ions
Yuichiro Yokota, Shinya Yamada, Yoshihiro Hase, Naoya Shikazono, Issay Narumi, Atsushi Tanaka, Masayoshi Inoue
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Abstract

Yokota, Y., Yamada, S., Hase, Y., Shikazono, N., Narumi, I., Tanaka, A. and Inoue, M. Initial Yields of DNA Double-Strand Breaks and DNA Fragmentation Patterns Depend on Linear Energy Transfer in Tobacco BY-2 Protoplasts Irradiated with Helium, Carbon and Neon Ions. Radiat. Res. 167, 94–101 (2007).

The ability of ion beams to kill or mutate plant cells is known to depend on the linear energy transfer (LET) of the ions, although the mechanism of damage is poorly understood. In this study, DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) were quantified by a DNA fragment-size analysis in tobacco protoplasts irradiated with high-LET ions. Tobacco BY-2 protoplasts, as a model of single plant cells, were irradiated with helium, carbon and neon ions having different LETs and with γ rays. After irradiation, DNA fragments were separated into sizes between 1600 and 6.6 kbp by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Information on DNA fragmentation was obtained by staining the gels with SYBR Green I. Initial DSB yields were found to depend on LET, and the highest relative biological effectiveness (about 1.6) was obtained at 124 and 241 keV/μm carbon ions. High-LET carbon and neon ions induced short DNA fragments more efficiently than γ rays. These results partially explain the large biological effects caused by high-LET ions in plants.

Yuichiro Yokota, Shinya Yamada, Yoshihiro Hase, Naoya Shikazono, Issay Narumi, Atsushi Tanaka, and Masayoshi Inoue "Initial Yields of DNA Double-Strand Breaks and DNA Fragmentation Patterns Depend on Linear Energy Transfer in Tobacco BY-2 Protoplasts Irradiated with Helium, Carbon and Neon Ions," Radiation Research 167(1), 94-101, (1 January 2007). https://doi.org/10.1667/RR0701.1
Received: 31 May 2006; Accepted: 1 September 2006; Published: 1 January 2007
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