X irradiation of sucrose single crystals at room temperature leads to the production of stable radicals, which give rise to the dosimetric electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) signal. In the first few hours after irradiation, however, the shape of the EPR spectrum changes drastically. Based on two-dimensional field-frequency electron nuclear double resonance (FF-ENDOR) measurements, we demonstrate that, after high-dose (∼5 kGy) and high-dose-rate irradiation, several species with limited stability at room temperature are produced next to the stable radicals. For two of these species, the main characteristics could be determined. Analysis of the time evolution of the FF-ENDOR and room-temperature EPR spectra in the first few hours after irradiation leads to the conclusion that these meta-stable radicals mainly recombine into diamagnetic species, while transformation into stable radicals is at most a marginal process.
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