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1 December 2009 Effect of Radiation on the Development of Immature Hippocampal Neurons In Vitro
Masahiko Okamoto, Yoshiyuki Suzuki, Katsuyuki Shirai, Toshiyuki Mizui, Yukari Yoshida, Shin-ei Noda, Wael S. Al-Jahdari, Tomoaki Shirao, Takashi Nakano
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Abstract

Okamoto, M., Suzuki, Y., Shirai, K., Mizui, T., Yoshida, Y., Noda, S., Al-Jahdari, W. S., Shirao, T. and Nakano, T. Effect of Radiation on the Development of Immature Hippocampal Neurons In Vitro.

Little is known about the direct biological effects of radiation on immature neurons, despite its relevance to the mental retardation caused by irradiation of the brains of fetuses and children. In this study, we investigated the effects of radiation using primary cultured hippocampal neuronal cells with exclusion of glial cells, focusing on cell survival and structural development. Primary neurons were prepared from the hippocampi of fetal rats at embryonic day 18 and cultured according to Banker's methods. After incubation for 7 days, cells were irradiated with X rays and incubated continuously for 7 or 14 days. The number of neurons, their rate of apoptosis, and the patterns of expression of synaptic proteins on the neural dendrites were investigated by immunohistochemical methods. The total numbers of neurons were the same regardless of whether they were irradiated. The number of TUNEL-positive neurons, which can be considered as undergoing apoptosis, increased significantly in a dose-dependent fashion at both 7 and 14 days after irradiation. The mean numbers of clusters of synaptic proteins on neural dendrites, which are considered to represent their developmental level, decreased dose-dependently at both 7 and 14 days after irradiation. These results suggest that radiation not only induces apoptosis but also produces structural defects in the surviving neurons that may directly suppress neural development.

Masahiko Okamoto, Yoshiyuki Suzuki, Katsuyuki Shirai, Toshiyuki Mizui, Yukari Yoshida, Shin-ei Noda, Wael S. Al-Jahdari, Tomoaki Shirao, and Takashi Nakano "Effect of Radiation on the Development of Immature Hippocampal Neurons In Vitro," Radiation Research 172(6), 718-724, (1 December 2009). https://doi.org/10.1667/RR1741.1
Received: 9 February 2009; Accepted: 1 July 2009; Published: 1 December 2009
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