The purpose of this work was to determine how fractionated radiation used in the treatment of tumors affects the ability of cancer as well as normal cells to repair induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and how cells that have lost this ability die. Lymphocytic leukemia cells (MOLT4) were used as an experimental model, and the results were compared to those for normal cell types. The results show that cancer and normal cells were mostly unable to repair all DSBs before the next radiation dose induced new DNA damage. Accumulation of DSBs was observed in normal human fibroblasts and healthy lymphocytes irradiated in vitro after the second radiation dose. The lymphocytic leukemia cells irradiated with 4 × 1 Gy and a single dose of 4 Gy had very similar survival; however, there was a big difference between human fibroblasts irradiated with 4 × 1.5 Gy and a single dose of 6 Gy. These results suggest that exponentially growing lymphocytic leukemia cells, similar to rapidly proliferating tumors, are not very sensitive to fraction size, in contrast to the more slowly growing fibroblasts and most late-responding (radiation therapy dose-limiting) normal tissues, which have a low proliferation index.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 175 • No. 6