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8 April 2011 Study of Microdosimetric Energy Deposition Patterns in Tissue-Equivalent Medium Due to Low-Energy Neutron Fields Using a Graphite-Walled Proportional Counter
A. J. Waker
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Abstract

To improve radiation protection dosimetry for low-energy neutron fields encountered in nuclear power reactor environments, there is increasing interest in modeling neutron energy deposition in metrological instruments such as tissue-equivalent proportional counters (TEPCs). Along with these computational developments, there is also a need for experimental data with which to benchmark and test the results obtained from the modeling methods developed. The experimental work described in this paper is a study of the energy deposition in tissue-equivalent (TE) medium using an in-house built graphite-walled proportional counter (GPC) filled with TE gas. The GPC is a simple model of a standard TEPC because the response of the counter at these energies is almost entirely due to the neutron interactions in the sensitive volume of the counter. Energy deposition in tissue spheres of diameter 1, 2, 4 and 8 µm was measured in low-energy neutron fields below 500 keV. We have observed a continuously increasing trend in microdosimetric averages with an increase in neutron energy. The values of these averages decrease as we increase the simulated diameter at a given neutron energy. A similar trend for these microdosimetric averages has been observed for standard TEPCs and the Rossi-type, TE, spherical wall-less counter filled with propane-based TE gas in the same energy range. This implies that at the microdosimetric level, in the neutron energy range we employed in this study, the pattern of average energy deposited by starter and insider proton recoil events in the gas is similar to those generated cumulatively by crosser and stopper events originating from the counter wall plus starter and insider recoil events originating in the sensitive volume of a TEPC.

A. J. Waker "Study of Microdosimetric Energy Deposition Patterns in Tissue-Equivalent Medium Due to Low-Energy Neutron Fields Using a Graphite-Walled Proportional Counter," Radiation Research 175(6), 806-813, (8 April 2011). https://doi.org/10.1667/RR2516.1
Received: 28 November 2010; Accepted: 1 March 2011; Published: 8 April 2011
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