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25 April 2018 New Radiation Dosimetry Estimates for [18F]FLT based on Voxelized Phantoms
B. M. Mendes, A. V. Ferreira, L. T. C. Nascimento, S. M. Z. M. D. Ferreira, M. B. Silveira, J. B. Silva
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Abstract

3′-Deoxy-3-[18F]fluorothymidine, or [18F]FLT, is a positron emission tomography (PET) tracer used in clinical studies for noninvasive assessment of proliferation activity in several types of cancer. Although the use of this PET tracer is expanding, to date, few studies concerning its dosimetry have been published. In this work, new [18F]FLT dosimetry estimates are determined for human and mice using Monte Carlo simulations. Modern voxelized male and female phantoms and [18F]FLT biokinetic data, both published by the ICRP, were used for simulations of human cases. For most human organs/tissues the absorbed doses were higher than those reported in ICRP Publication 128. An effective dose of 1.70E-02 mSv/MBq to the whole body was determined, which is 13.5% higher than the ICRP reference value. These new human dosimetry estimates obtained using more realistic human phantoms represent an advance in the knowledge of [18F]FLT dosimetry. In addition, mice biokinetic data were obtained experimentally. These data and a previously developed voxelized mouse phantom were used for simulations of animal cases. Concerning animal dosimetry, absorbed doses for organs/tissues ranged from 4.47 ± 0.75 to 155.74 ± 59.36 mGy/MBq. The obtained set of organ/tissue radiation doses for healthy Swiss mice is a useful tool for application in animal experiment design.

©2018 by Radiation Research Society.
B. M. Mendes, A. V. Ferreira, L. T. C. Nascimento, S. M. Z. M. D. Ferreira, M. B. Silveira, and J. B. Silva "New Radiation Dosimetry Estimates for [18F]FLT based on Voxelized Phantoms," Radiation Research 190(1), 37-44, (25 April 2018). https://doi.org/10.1667/RR14950.1
Received: 22 September 2017; Accepted: 28 March 2018; Published: 25 April 2018
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