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8 July 2021 Dose Coefficient Calculation for Use in Dosimetry Assessment of a Fission-Based Weapon
Andrew Rosenstrom, Ethan Asano, Keith Griffin, Choonsik Lee, David Hooper, Shaheen Dewji
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Abstract

In the event of a fission-based weapon or improvised nuclear device (IND) detonation, dose coefficients can be harnessed to provide dose assessments for defense, emergency preparedness, and consequence management, as well as to prospectively inform the assessment of radiation biomarkers and development of medical prophylaxis countermeasures for defense and homeland security stakeholders and decision-makers. Although dose coefficients have previously been calculated for this group, they would apply specifically to the studied population, the 1945 Japanese cohort, after which their anthropomorphic computational phantoms were modeled. For this reason, applications to other populations may be limited, and instead, an assessment of a more standardized population is desired. We employed a series of computational human phantoms representing international reference individuals: UF/NCI voxel phantom series containing newborn, 1-, 5-, 10-, 15-, and 35-year-old males and females. Irradiation of the phantoms was simulated using the Monte Carlo N-Particle transport code to determine organ dose coefficients under four idealized irradiation geometries at three distances from the detonation hypocenter at Hiroshima and Nagasaki using DS02 free-in-air prompt neutron and photon fluence spectra. Through these simulations, age-specific dose coefficients were determined for individual organs. Various articulated PIMAL stylized phantoms were simulated as well to estimate the effect of body posture on dose coefficients and determine the effect of posture on dosimetric estimation and reconstruction. Results additionally demonstrate that 137Cs and the Watt fission spectra are not ideal general surrogate sources for fission weapons, which may be considered for experimental testing of medical countermeasures. Supplementary data provided tabulates the compilation of organ dose-rate coefficients in this study.

©2021 by Radiation Research Society. All rights of reproduction in any form reserved.
Andrew Rosenstrom, Ethan Asano, Keith Griffin, Choonsik Lee, David Hooper, and Shaheen Dewji "Dose Coefficient Calculation for Use in Dosimetry Assessment of a Fission-Based Weapon," Radiation Research 196(3), 272-283, (8 July 2021). https://doi.org/10.1667/RADE-21-00012.1
Received: 14 January 2021; Accepted: 3 June 2021; Published: 8 July 2021
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