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28 April 2020 Paying for the Presence of Predators: An Evolving Approach to Compensating Ranchers
Dan Macon
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  • Conversion of rangeland habitats in North America (to more intensive agriculture or to urban/exurban uses) concentrates livestock and predators on a shrinking landscape, making conflict inevitable.

  • Rural communities often feel disenfranchised by efforts to protect or restore native predators.

  • Ranching businesses typically bear the direct costs (from livestock depredation) and indirect impacts associated with coexisting with predators.

  • Many researchers indicate that direct compensation for depredation of livestock does not increase tolerance for predators within ranching communities.

  • The emerging use of “payments for ecosystem services” (or PES) programs offers an alternative to direct depredation compensation programs.

  • With the recent re-establishment of gray wolves (Canis lupus) in California, a Pay for Presence program for conserving large carnivores offers an alternative for supporting habitat conservation while acknowledging (and at least partially compensating) the direct and indirect costs to ranchers.

© 2020 The Society for Range Management. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Dan Macon "Paying for the Presence of Predators: An Evolving Approach to Compensating Ranchers," Rangelands 42(2), 43-52, (28 April 2020).
Published: 28 April 2020

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