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21 April 2022 The species described by René-édouard Claparède. Part 1: Animalia
John Hollier
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

René-Edouard Claparède, an often overlooked Genevan zoologist, described nearly 200 species of animal in his short career. These are listed with the currently valid combinations.

INTRODUCTION

The year 2022 marks the 150th anniversary of the Natural History Museum of Geneva (MHNG) as an independent institution. It seems fitting to mark this by filling one of the lacunae left in the story of the Museum published for the bicentenary of the inauguration of the Musée Académique in 1820 (Ayer et al., 2020); the contribution of René-Édouard Claparède (1832-1871, known to his contemporaries as Édouard) to taxonomy (Fig. 1).

Claparède studied in Geneva (1850-1852), where he was greatly influenced by François-Jules Pictet (1809-1872), and Berlin (1853-1857) where he studied medicine and worked in the laboratory of Johannes Müller (1801-1858). He returned to Geneva with a medical doctorate and became professor of zoology, first as assistant to Pictet and then, from 1863, as full professor. As professor he was a member of the Commission d'Administration responsible for the Musée Académique (forerunner of the MHNG) and its collections. He published on the histology, embryology, physiology and systematics of invertebrates. His early work, under the influence of Müller and Christian Ehrenberg (1796-1876), concentrated on what were then known as the Infusoria (currently placed in the Ciliophora), but after a trip to Scotland with William Carpenter (1813-1885) his focus changed to marine annelids (Saussure, 1873).

Plagued by ill health from his youth, Claparède died in Sienna while returning from spending the winter in Naples for health reasons. The MHNG collections contain 18 boxes of histological slide preparations of Polychaeta made by Claparède (remounted by Hermann Fol in 1872) but none of the type specimens of the species he described has been traced and they are generally considered to have been lost. Many of his contributions were considered import in their day, but increasingly sophisticated techniques, his early death and confusion with his nephew Édouard Claparède (1873-1940), neurologist, psychologist and educator, have serve to limit his fame more than he deserves.

Fig. 1.

Portrait of René-Édouard Claparède, published in Saussure (1873). Public domain.

img-z1-12_155.jpg

ARRANGEMENT AND FORMAT

Claparède is the author of 48 genus level names and 197 species level names of organisms currently classified in the kingdom Animalia. These are listed here along with the currently valid combination. The groups are listed alphabetically by phylum, class and family with first the generic names and then the species names in alphabetic order. Nomenclature follows the WoRMS database (WoRMS editorial board, 2021) unless explicitly stated.

ANIMAL SPECIES DESCRIBED BY RENé-éDOUARD CLAPARÈDE

Phylum Annelida

Class Clitellata
Family Enchytraeidae

  • Pachydrilus Claparède, 1861: 75-76.

  • A junior synonym of Lumbricillus Örsted, 1844

  • crassus Claparède, 1861: 79-81, pl. 2 figs 6-9. [Pachydrilus]

  • Lumbricillus crassus (Claparède, 1861)

  • ebudensis Claparède, 1861: 85-86, pl. 1 fig. 8. [Pachydrilus]

  • Lumbricillus ebudensis (Claparède, 1861)

  • lacteus Claparède, 1861: 85. [Pachydrilus]

  • Lumbricillus lacteus (Claparède, 1861)

  • semifuscus Claparède, 1861: 76-79, pl. 2 figs 1-5. [Pachydrilus]

  • Claparedrilus semifuscus (Claparède, 1861)

  • verrucosus Claparède, 1861: 82-85, pl. 1 figs 1-6. [Pachydrilus]

  • A junior synonym of Lumbricillus lineatus (Müller, 1774)

  • Family Haplotaxidae

  • Nemodrilus Claparède, 1862: 275.

  • A junior synonym of Haplotaxis Hoffmeister, 1843

  • filiformis Claparède, 1862: 275-276. [Nemodrilus]

  • A junior synonym of Haplotaxis gordoides (Hartmann in Oken, 1819)

  • Family Lumbriculidae

  • Stylodrilus Claparède, 1862: 262-263.

  • Stylodrilus Claparède, 1862

  • Trichodrilus Claparède, 1862: 267.

  • Trichodrilus Claparède, 1862

  • allobrogum Claparède, 1862: 267-270. [Trichodrilus]

  • Trichodrilus allobrogum Claparède, 1862

  • heringianus Claparède, 1862: 263-266. [Stylodrilus]

  • Stylodrilus heringianus Claparède, 1862

  • Family Naididae

  • Heterochaeta Claparède, 1863: 25.

  • A junior homonym replaced by Baltidrilus Timm, 2013

  • costata Claparède, 1863: 25, pl. 13 figs 16-19. [Heterochaeta]

  • Baltidrilus costata (Claparède, 1863)

  • Family Tubificidae

  • Limnodrilus Claparède, 1862: 243.

  • Limnodrilus Claparède, 1862

  • Pachydermon Claparède, 1861: 156.

  • Pachydermon Claparède, 1861

  • acuminatum Claparède, 1861: 156-7, pl. 4 figs 1-1a. [Pachydermon]

  • Pachydermon acuminatum Claparède, 1861

  • ater Claparède, 1862: 253-254. [Clitellio]

  • A junior synonym of Tubificoides benedii (d'Udekem, 1855)

  • bonneti Claparède, 1862: 230-243. [Tubifex]

  • A junior synonym of Tubifex tubifex tubifex (Müller, 1774)

  • elongatum Claparède, 1862: 254. [Pachydermon]

  • Pachydermon elongatum Claparède, 1862

  • hoffmeisteri Claparède, 1862: 248-252. [Limnodrilus]

  • Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri Claparède, 1862

  • papillosus Claparède, 1863: 25, pl. 13 figs 14-15. [Tubifex]

  • A junior synonym of Tubificoides benedii (d'Udekem, 1855)

  • udekemianus Claparède, 1862: 243-247. [Limnodrilus]

  • Limnodrilus udekemianus Claparède, 1862

  • Class Polychaeta
    Family Ampharetidae

  • Branchiosabella Claparède, 1863: 34.

  • A junior synonym of Ampharete Malmgren, 1866

  • curvipalea Claparède, 1870a: 496, pl. 13 fig. 5. [Amphicteis]

  • A junior synonym of Amphicteis gunneri (Sars, 1835)

  • zostericola Claparède, 1863: 35, pl. 14 figs 12-17. [Branchiosabella]

  • A junior synonym of Ampharete acutifrons (Grube, 1860)

  • Family Arenicolidae

  • Clymenides Claparède, 1863: 30.

  • A junior synonym of Arenicola Lamarck, 1801

  • grubii Claparède, 1869: 36, pl. 19 fig. 2. [Arenicola]

  • A junior synonym of Arenicolides branchialis (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833)

  • sulphurea Claparède, 1863: 30, pl. 15 figs 24-27. [Clymenides]

  • A junior synonym of Arenicola marina (Linnaeus, 1758)

  • Family Capitellidae

  • benedeni Claparède, 1864: 514, pl. 4 fig. 9. [Notomastus]

  • A junior synonym of Notomastus latericeus Sars, 1851

  • costana Claparède, 1868: 15, pl. 27 fig. 2. [Capitella]

  • A junior synonym of Heteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864)

  • filiformis Claparède, 1864: 509, pl. 4 fig. 10. [Capitella]

  • Heteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864)

  • lineatus Claparède, 1869: 18, pl. 17 fig. 4. [Notomastus]

  • Notomastus lineatus Claparède, 1869

  • major Claparède, 1868: 16, pl. 17 fig. 3. [Capitella]

  • A junior synonym of Notomastus profundus (Eisig, 1887)

  • sarsii Claparède, 1864: 511, pl. 4 fig. 8, pl. 8 fig. 7. [Notomastus]

  • A junior synonym of Notomastus lineatus Claparède, 1869

  • Family Chaetopteridae

  • Ranzania Claparède, 1870a: 489.

  • A junior homonym replaced by Mesochaetopterus Potts, 1914

  • costarum Claparède, 1869: 80, pl. 20 fig. 1. [Telepsavus]

  • Spiochaetopterus costarum (Claparède, 1869)

  • fallax Claparède, 1869: 90, pl. 21 fig. 2. [Phyllochaetopterus]

  • A junior synonym of Phyllochaetopterus socialis Claparède,1869

  • major Claparède, 1869: 92, pl. 19 fig. 1. [Phyllochaetopterus]

  • Phyllochaetopterus major Claparède, 1869

  • sagittaria Claparède, 1870a: 490, pl. 11 fig. 1. [Ranzania]

  • Mesochaetopterus sagittaria (Claparède, 1870)

  • socialis Claparède, 1869: 85, pl. 21 fig. 1. [Phyllochaetopterus]

  • Phyllochaetopterus socialis Claparède, 1869

  • Family Chrysopetalidae

  • Palmyra (Palmyrides) Claparède, 1864: 583.

  • A junior synonym of Chrysopetalum Ehlers, 1864

  • Palmyra (Palmyropsis) Claparède, 1864: 586.

  • A junior synonym of Chrysopetalum Ehlers, 1864

  • evelinae Claparède, 1864: 586, pl. 8 fig. 6. [Palmyra (Palmyropsis)]

  • A junior synonym of Chrysopetalum debile (Grube, 1855)

  • portusveneris Claparède, 1864: 583, pl. 8 fig. 5. [Palmyra (Palmyrides)]

  • A junior synonym of Chrysopetalum debile (Grube, 1855)

  • Family Cirratulidae

  • Ctenodrilus Claparède, 1863: 25.

  • Ctenodrilus Claparède, 1863

  • chrysoderma Claparède, 1868: 2, pl. 23 fig. 4. [Cirratulus]

  • Protocirrineris chrysoderma (Claparède, 1868)

  • pardalis Claparède, 1863: 25, pl. 15 figs 18-20. [Ctenodrilus]

  • A junior synonym of Ctenodrilus serratus (Schmidt, 1857)

  • Family Dorvilleidae

  • chiaji Claparède, 1868: 425, pl. 7 fig. 2. [Staurocephalus]

  • A junior synonym of Schistomeringos rudolphi (delle Chiaji, 1828)

  • Family Eunicidae

  • cingulata Claparède, 1868: 444, pl. 7 fig. 1. [Eunice]

  • A junior synonym of Eunice purpurea Grube, 1866

  • geniculatus Claparède, 1868: 459, pl. 6 fig. 6. [Notocirrus]

  • Arabella geniculata (Claparède, 1868)

  • mahagoni Claparède, 1864: 576, pl. 2 fig. 4. [Lysidice]

  • A junior synonym of Lysidice ninetta Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833

  • margaritacea Claparède, 1868: 453, pl. 8 fig. 3. [Lysidice]

  • A junior synonym of Lysidice ninetta Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833

  • multicirrata Claparède, 1863: 60, pl. 14 figs 23-26. [Lysidice]

  • Lysidice multicirrata Claparède, 1863 nomen dubium (juvenile Marphysa?)

  • schizobranchia Claparède, 1870a: 394, pl. 2 fig. 6. [Eunice]

  • Eunice schizobranchia Claparède, 1870

  • taenia Claparède, 1864: 580, pl. 4 fig. 11. [Eunice]

  • A junior synonym of Palola sicilensis (Grube, 1840)

  • Family Flabelligeridae

  • eruca Claparède, 1869: 105, pl. 25 fig. 2. [Trophonia]

  • Piromis eruca (Claparède, 1869)

  • Family Glyceridae

  • Rhynchobolus Claparède, 1868: 492.

  • A junior synonym of Glycera Lamarck, 1818

  • Family Hesionidae

  • Stephania Claparède, 1870a: 482. (Not listed in WoRMS)

  • A junior synonym of Oxydromus Grube, 1855

  • pallidus Claparède, 1864: 521, pl. 4 fig. 1. [Oxydromus]

  • Oxydromus pallidus Claparède, 1864

  • Family Lopadorrhynchidae

  • Hydrophanes Claparède, 1870a: 463-464.

  • A junior synonym of Lopadorrhynchus Grube, 1855

  • krohnii Claparède, 1870a: 464, pl. 11 fig. 2. [Hydrophanes]

  • Lopadorrhynchus krohnii (Claparède, 1870)

  • Family Lumbrineridae

  • edwardsii Claparède, 1863: 58, pl. 14 figs 16-22. [Lumbriconereis]

  • A junior synonym of Lumbrineris latreilli Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833

  • impatiens Claparède, 1868: 455, pl. 9 fig. 2. [Lumbriconereis]

  • A junior synonym of Scoletoma laurentiana (Grube, 1863)

  • Family Maldanidae

  • collaris Claparède, 1869: 194, pl. 26 fig. 2. [Praxilla]

  • Euclymene collaris (Claparède, 1869)

  • constricta Claparède, 1869: 195, pl. 26 fig. 2. [Axiothea]

  • Axiothella constricta (Claparède, 1869)

  • cristagalli Claparède, 1869: 197, pl. 26 fig. 4. [Maldane]

  • A junior synonym of Petaloproctus terricolus Quatrefages,1866

  • oerstedii Claparède, 1863: 28, plate13 figs 6-11. [Clymene]

  • Euclymene oerstedii (Claparède, 1863)

  • simplex Claparède, 1869: 192, pl. 27 fig. 7. [Praxilla]

  • Praxilella simplex (Claparède, 1869) nomen dubium

  • Family Nereididae

  • Cirroceros Claparède, 1863: 55.

  • Cirroceros Claparède, 1863 nomen dubium

  • Micronereis Claparède, 1863: 56.

  • Micronereis Claparède, 1863

  • antennata Claparède, 1863: 56, pl. 14 figs 8-12. [Cirroceros]

  • Cirroceros antennata Claparède, 1863 nomen dubium

  • ehlersiana Claparède, 1870a: 452, pl. 8 fig. 2. [Nereis (Ceratonereis)]

  • A junior synonym of Ceratonereis (Composetia) hircinicola (Eisig, 1870)

  • glauca Claparède, 1870a: 454, pl. 7 fig. 3. [Nereis (Leptonereis)]

  • Websterinereis glauca (Claparède, 1870)

  • guttula Claparède, 1868: 475, pl. 9 fig. 6, pl. 10 fig. 3. [Nereis (Ceratonereis)]

  • A junior synonym of Ceratonereis (Composetia) costae (Grube, 1840)

  • kinbergiana Claparède, 1870a: 453, pl. 8 fig. 3. [Nereis (Ceratonereis)]

  • A junior synonym of Ceratonereis (Composetia) hircinicola (Eisig, 1870)

  • macropus Claparède, 1870a: 444, pl. 8 fig. 1. [Nereis (Lipephile)]

  • Perinereis macropus (Claparède, 1870)

  • malmgreni Claparède, 1868: 483, pl. 11 fig. 1. [Heteronereis]

  • A junior synonym of Platynereis dumerilii (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833)

  • peritonealis Claparède, 1868: 467, pl. 9 fig. 5. [Nereis]

  • A junior synonym of Platynereis dumerilii (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833)

  • perivisceralis Claparède, 1868: 471, pl. 12 fig. 1. [Nereis]

  • Nereis perivisceralis Claparède, 1868

  • variegata Claparède, 1863: 56, pl. 11 figs 5-7. [Micronereis]

  • Family Oenonidae

  • Drilonereis Claparède, 1870a: 399.

  • Drilonereis Claparède, 1870

  • filum Claparède, 1868: 454, pl. 9 fig. 1. [Lumbriconereis]

  • Drilonereis filum (Claparède, 1868)

  • Family Onuphidae

  • pancerii Claparède, 1868: 438, pl. 8 fig. 1. [Onuphis]

  • Onuphis pancerii Claparède, 1868

  • rigida Claparède, 1868: 441, pl. 8 fig. 2. [Hyalinoecia]

  • Aponuphis rigida (Claparède, 1868)

  • Family Opheliidae

  • pallidus Claparède, 1869: 34, pl. 31 fig.7. [Polyophthalmus]

  • A junior synonym of Polyophthalmus pictus (Dujardin, 1839)

  • Family Orbinidae

  • anserina Claparède, 1864: 504, pl. 4 fig. 6. [Theodisca]

  • A junior synonym of Naineris laevigata (Grube, 1855)

  • foetida Claparède, 1869: 45, pl. 20 fig. 2. [Aricia]

  • Phylo foetida (Claparède, 1869)

  • liriostoma Claparède, 1869: 50, pl. 24 fig. 2. [Theodisca]

  • A junior synonym of Naineris laevigata (Grube, 1855)

  • oerstedii Claparède, 1864: 502, pl. 4 fig. 7. [Aricia]

  • Protoaricia oerstedii (Claparède, 1864)

  • Family Pectinariidae

  • neapolitana Claparède, 1869: 113, pl. 28 fig. 1. [Pectinaria]

  • Lagis neapolitana (Claparède, 1869)

  • Family Phyllodocidae

  • Alciopina Claparède & Panceri, 1867: 5-8.

  • Alciopina Claparède & Panceri, 1867

  • Eulalia (Pterocirrus) Claparède, 1868: 558.

  • Pterocirrus Claparède, 1868

  • Vanadis Claparède, 1870a: 480.

  • Vanadis Claparède, 1870

  • armata Claparède, 1868: 550, pl. 17 fig. 5. [Eteone]

  • A junior synonym of Mysta picta (Quatrefages, 1866)

  • cephalotes Claparède, 1868: 548, pl. 17 fig. 3. [Anaitis]

  • Anaitis cephalotes Claparède, 1868 nomen dubium

  • corniculata Claparède, 1868: 546, pl. 17 fig. 1. [Phyllodoce]

  • A junior synonym of Nereiphylla paretti Blainville, 1828

  • formosa Claparède, 1870a: 480, pl. 10 fig. 3. [Vanadis]

  • Vanadis formosa Claparède, 1870

  • guttata Claparède, 1870a: 461, pl. 9 fig. 2. [Eulalia (Eumida)]

  • Eulalia (Eumida) guttata Claparède, 1870 nomen dubium

  • lactea Claparède, 1868: 553, pl. 18 fig. 2. [Eteone]

  • Hypereteone lactea (Claparède, 1868)

  • limbata Claparède, 1868: 558, pl. 17 fig. 6. [Eulalia (Pterocirrus)]

  • Pterocirrus limbatus (Claparède, 1868)

  • lineata Claparède, 1870a: 458, pl. 9 fig. 4. [Anaitis]

  • Phyllodoce lineata (Claparède, 1870)

  • marginata Claparède, 1868: 559, pl. 18 fig. 1. [Eulalia (Pterocirrus)]

  • Pterocirrus marginatus (Claparède, 1868)

  • microcephala Claparède, 1870a: 462, pl. 9 fig. 3. [Eulalia (Pterocirrus)]

  • Pterocirrus microcephalus (Claparède, 1870) nomen dubium

  • microceros Claparède, 1868: 557, pl. 16 fig. 4. [Eulalia (Eumida)]

  • A junior synonym of Eumida viridis (Linnaeus, 1767)

  • pallida Claparède, 1868: 556, pl. 16 fig. 6. [Eulalia (Eumida)]

  • A junior synonym of Eumida sanguinea (Örsted, 1843)

  • pancerina Claparède, 1870a: 456, pl. 9 fig. 1. [Phyllodoce]

  • A junior synonym of Nereiphylla paretti Blainville, 1828

  • parasitica Claparède & Panceri, 1867: 5-8. [Alciopina]

  • Alciopina parasitica Claparède & Panceri, 1867

  • peremptoria Claparède, 1870a: 459, pl. 9 fig. 6. [Anaitis]

  • Paranaitis peremptoria (Claparède, 1870) nomen dubium

  • pusilla Claparède, 1870a: 460, pl. 9 fig. 5. [Anaitis]

  • Nereiphylla pusilla (Claparède, 1870)

  • velifera Claparède, 1868: 560, pl. 17 fig. 2. [Eulalia (Pterocirrus)]

  • A junior synonym of Pterocirrus macroceros (Grube, 1860)

  • Family Polynoidae

  • fragile Claparède, 1868: 383, pl. 5 fig. 2. [Hermadion]

  • A junior synonym of Subadyte pellucida (Ehlers, 1864)

  • laevigata Claparède, 1870a: 378, pl. 1 fig. 2. [Polynoe]

  • A junior synonym of Harmothoe spinifera (Ehlers, 1864)

  • reticulata Claparède, 1870a: 374, pl. 1 fig. 1. [Polynoe]

  • Harmothoe reticulata (Claparède, 1870)

  • torquata Claparède, 1868: 378, pl. 2 fig. 3 [Polynoe]

  • A junior synonym of Harmothoe spinifera (Ehlers, 1864)

  • vasculosa Claparède, 1870a: 376, pl. 1 fig. 4. [Polynoe]

  • Polynoe vasculosa Claparède, 1870

  • Family Sabellidae

  • Amphiglena, Claparède, 1864: 492.

  • Amphiglena, Claparède, 1864

  • Dialychone Claparède, 1869: 169.

  • Dialychone Claparède, 1869

  • Fabricia (Amphicorina) Claparède, 1864: pl. 3 fig. 2.

  • Amphicorina Claparède, 1864

  • Leptochone Claparède, 1870a: 513.

  • A junior synonym of Myxicola Koch in Renier, 1847

  • acustica Claparède, 1869: 170, pl. 30 fig. 3. [Dialychone]

  • Dialychone acustica Claparède, 1869

  • aesthetica Claparède, 1870a: 514, pl. 14 fig. 1. [Leptochone]

  • Myxicola aesthetica (Claparède, 1870)

  • armandi Claparède, 1864: 492-196, pl. 3 fig. 1. [Amphiglena]

  • A junior synonym of Amphiglena mediterranea (Leydig, 1851)

  • armandi Claparède, 1864: 496, pl. 3 fig. 2. [Fabricia

  • Amphicorina)]

  • Amphicorina armandi (Claparède, 1864)

  • branchychona Claparède, 1870a: 503, pl. 14 fig. 5. [Sabella]

  • A junior synonym of Parasabella saxicola (Grube, 1861)

  • koellikeri Claparède, 1869: 163, pl. 22 fig. 4. [Branchiomma]

  • A junior synonym of Acromegalomma lanigerum (Grube, 1846)

  • salmacidis Claparède, 1869: 167, pl. 24 fig. 4. [Laonome]

  • Euratella salmacidis (Claparède, 1869)

  • vesiculosum neapolitana Claparède, 1869: 164, pl. 22 fig. 5.

  • Branchiomma]

  • A junior synonym of Acromegalomma lanigerum (Grube, 1846)

  • vigilans Claparède, 1870a: 501, pl. 14 fig. 3. [Branchiomma]

  • Megalomma vigilans (Claparède, 1870)

  • Family Serpulidae

  • aedificatrix Claparède, 1870a: 519, pl. 12 fig. 1. [Salmacina]

  • A junior synonym of Salmacina dysteri (Huxley, 1855)

  • coecus Claparède, 1870a: 517, pl. 13 fig. 4. [Psygmobranchus]

  • Protula coecus (Claparède, 1870) taxon inquirendum

  • crater Claparède, 1870a: 525, pl. 13 fig. 2. [Serpula]

  • A junior synonym of Serpula vermicularis Linnaeus, 1767

  • incrustans Claparède, 1869: 176, pl. 30 fig. 5. [Salmacina]

  • Salmacina incrustans Claparède, 1869

  • lunulifer Claparède, 1869: 181, pl. 31 fig. 3. [Eupomatus]

  • A junior synonym of Hydroides dirampha Mörch, 1863

  • militaris Claparède, 1869: 184, pl. 16 fig. 5. [Pileolaria]

  • Pileolaria militaris Claparède, 1869

  • multicostatus Claparède, 1869: 175, pl. 30 fig. 6. [Psygmobranchus]

  • A junior synonym of Vermiliopsis infundibulum (Philippi, 1844)

  • trypanon Claparède, 1870a: 527, pl. 14 fig. 4. [Eupomatus]

  • A junior synonym of Hydroides norvegica Gunnerus, 1768

  • Family Sigalionidae

  • Lepidopleurus Claparède, 1868: 415.

  • A junior homonym replaced by Claparedepelogenia Pettibone, 1997

  • ctenolepis Claparède, 1868: 398, pl. 4 fig. 1, pl. 6 fig. 2. [Sthenelais]

  • A junior synonym of Sthenelais boa (Johnston, 1833)

  • dendrolepis Claparède, 1868: 408, pl. 4 fig. 4, pl. 5 fig. 1. [Sthenelais]

  • A junior synonym of Euthalalenessa oculata (Peters, 1854)

  • fuliginosa Claparède, 1868: 404, pl. 4 fig. 2. [Sthenelais]

  • A junior synonym of Sthenelais boa (Johnston, 1833)

  • inclusus Claparède, 1868: 415, pl. 6 fig. 4. [Lepidopleurus]

  • Claparedepelogenia inclusus (Claparède, 1868)

  • leiolepis Claparède, 1868: 406, pl. 4 fig. 3, pl. 6 fig. 1. [Sthenelais]

  • A junior synonym of Sthenelais limicola (Ehlers, 1864)

  • synophthalmica Claparède, 1868: 389, pl. 3 fig. 1. [Pholoe]

  • A junior synonym of Pholoe inornata Johnston, 1839

  • Family Spionidae

  • Aonides Claparède, 1864: 505.

  • Aonides Claparède, 1864

  • Pygospio Claparède, 1863: 37.

  • Pygospio Claparède, 1863

  • agassizii Claparède, 1869: 54, pl. 22 fig. 1. [Polydora]

  • A junior synonym of Polydora ciliata (Johnston, 1838)

  • antennata Claparède, 1869: 60, pl. 21 fig. 3. [Polydora]

  • Pseudopolydora antennata (Claparède, 1869)

  • auricularius Claparède, 1864: 505, pl. 3 fig. 3. [Aonides]

  • A junior synonym of Aonides oxycephala (Sars, 1862)

  • auriseta Claparède, 1869: 71, pl. 24 fig. 2. [Nerine]

  • Scolelepis auriseta (Claparède, 1869) nomen dubium

  • elegans Claparède, 1863: 37, pl. 14 figs 17-21. [Pygospio]

  • Pygospio elegans Claparède, 1863 flava Claparède, 1870a: 487. [Polydora]

  • Diplolydora flava (Claparède, 1870)

  • fuliginosus Claparède, 1869: 62, pl. 23 fig. 1. [Spio]

  • Malacoceros fuliginosus (Claparède, 1869)

  • hoplura Claparède, 1869: 58, pl. 22 fig. 2. [Polydora]

  • Polydora hoplura Claparède, 1869

  • malmgreni Claparède, 1869: 73, pl. 22 fig. 3. [Prionospio]

  • Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869 taxon inquirendum [indeterminable]

  • mecznikowianus Claparède, 1869: 64, pl. 23 fig. 2. [Spio]

  • Microspio mecznikowianus (Claparède, 1869)

  • sarsiana Claparède, 1869: 70, pl. 21 fig. 4. [Nerine]

  • A junior synonym of Scolelepis foliosa (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833)

  • Family Syllidae

  • Anoplosyllis Claparède, 1868: 524.

  • Anoplosyllis Claparède, 1868

  • Autolytus (Stephanosyllis) Claparède, 1864: 567.

  • A junior synonym of Proceraea Ehlers, 1864

  • Heterosyllis Claparède, 1863: 44.

  • Heterosyllis Claparède, 1863 nomen dubium

  • Microsyllis Claparède, 1863: 42.

  • A junior synonym of Exogone Örsted, 1845

  • Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863: 47.

  • Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863

  • Paedophylax Claparède, 1868: 520.

  • A junior synonym of Exogone Orsted, 1845

  • Polymastus Claparède, 1864: 569.

  • A junior synonym of Eurysyllis Ehlers, 1864

  • Pterosyllis Claparède, 1863: 46.

  • A junior synonym of Amblyosyllis Grube, 1857

  • Spermosyllis Claparède, 1864: 552.

  • A junior synonym of Exogone Örsted, 1845

  • Sphaerosyllis Claparède, 1863: 45.

  • Sphaerosyllis Claparède, 1863

  • Sylline Claparède, 1864: 550.

  • Exogone (Sylline) Claparède, 1864

  • Trypanosyllis Claparède, 1864: 558.

  • Trypanosyllis Claparède, 1864

  • armandi Claparède, 1864: 530, pl. 5 fig. 1. [Syllis]

  • A junior synonym of Syllis prolifera Krohn, 1852

  • armoricanus Claparède, 1863: 39, pl. 13 figs 21-23, 25-27. [Syllis]

  • A junior synonym of Syllis variegata Grube, 1860

  • aurantica Claparède, 1868: 529, pl. 15 fig. 1. [Proceraea]

  • Proceraea aurantica Claparède, 1868

  • aurantica Claparède, 1868: 510, pl. 14 fig. 3, pl. 13 fig. 5. [Syllis]

  • A junior synonym of Syllis variegata Grube, 1860

  • aurita Claparède, 1864: 539, pl. 5 fig. 5. [Syllis]

  • A junior synonym of Syllis vittata Grube, 1840

  • bacilligera Claparède, 1868: 508, pl. 14 fig. 4. [Syllis]

  • Syllis bacilligera Claparède, 1868 nomen dubium

  • brachiata Claparède, 1863: 44-45, pl. 13 fig. 35. [Heterosyllis]

  • Heterosyllis brachiata Claparède, 1863

  • brevicirrata Claparède, 1863: 42, pl. 12 figs 1-2. [Microsyllis]

  • Exogone brevicirrata (Claparède, 1863) nomen dubium

  • brevipes Claparède, 1864: 551, pl. 6 fig. 4. [Sylline]

  • Exogone (Sylline) brevipes (Claparède, 1864)

  • clavata Claparède, 1863: 41, pl. 13 figs 28-29. [Syllis]

  • Salvatoria clavata (Claparède, 1863)

  • claviger Claparède, 1868: 521, pl. 13 fig. 2. [Paedophylax]

  • Exogone claviger (Claparède, 1868)

  • coeliaca Claparède, 1868: 513, pl. 13 fig. 3. [Trypanosyllis]

  • Trypanosyllis (Trypanosyllis) coeliaca Claparède, 1868

  • ctenostoma Claparède, 1868: 512, pl. 12 fig. 4. [Odontosyllis]

  • Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868

  • dorsigera Claparède, 1864: 560, pl. 7 fig. 1. [Pterosyllis]

  • A junior synonym of Amblyosyllis spectabilis (Johnston, 1865)

  • dugesiana Claparède, 1864: 556, pl. 8 fig. 2. [Odontosyllis]

  • Odontosyllis dugesiana Claparède, 1864

  • edentula Claparède, 1868: 524, pl. 12 fig. 2. [Anoplosyllis]

  • Anoplosyllis edentula Claparède, 1868

  • erinaceus Claparède, 1863: 45, pl. 13 fig. 38. [Sphaerosyllis]

  • Erinaceusyllis erinaceus (Claparède, 1863)

  • formosa Claparède, 1863: 46, pl. 13 figs 30-31. [Pterosyllis]

  • A junior synonym of Amblyosyllis spectabilis (Johnston, 1865)

  • gibba Claparède, 1863: 47, pl. 12 figs 7-8. [Odontosyllis]

  • Odontosyllis gibba Claparède, 1863

  • hamata Claparède, 1868: 505, pl. 15 fig. 2. [Syllis]

  • A junior synonym of Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855)

  • hesperidium Claparède, 1868: 526, pl. 14 fig. 4. [Autolytus]

  • Myrianida hesperidium (Claparède, 1868)

  • hexagonifera Claparède, 1864: 533, pl. 5 fig. 2. [Syllis]

  • A junior synonym of Syllis variegata Grube, 1860

  • hystrix Claparède, 1863: 45, pl. 13 figs 36-37. [Sphaerosyllis]

  • Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863

  • kefersteinii Claparède, 1863: 42, pl. 12 figs 3-6. [Exogone]

  • A junior synonym of Exogone naidina Örsted, 1845

  • krohnii Claparède, 1864: 558, pl. 7 fig. 2. [Trypanosyllis]

  • Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparède, 1864

  • limbata Claparède, 1868: 518, pl. 13 fig. 4. [Grubea]

  • Salvatoria limbata (Claparède, 1868)

  • maculata Claparède, 1868: 532, pl. 13 fig. 1. [Myrianida]

  • A junior synonym of Myrianida pinnigera (Montagu, 1808)

  • normannica Claparède, 1863: 40, pl. 13 fig. 24. [Syllis]

  • A junior synonym of Nudisyllis divaricata (Keferstein, 1862)

  • paradoxus Claparède, 1864: 569, pl. 8 fig. 3. [Polymastus]

  • A junior synonym of Eurysyllis tuberculata Ehlers, 1864

  • pirifera Claparède, 1868: 515, pl. 14 fig. 2. [Sphaerosyllis]

  • Sphaerosyllis pirifera Claparède, 1868

  • roseus Claparède, 1864: 566, pl. 7 fig. 4. [Autolytus]

  • Myrianida roseus (Claparède, 1864) nomen dubium

  • rubrovittatus Claparède, 1864: 563, pl. 7 fig. 3. [Autolytus]

  • Myrianida rubrovittatus Claparède, 1864 nomen dubium

  • scapularis Claparède, 1864: 567, pl. 7 fig. 5. [Autolytus (Stephanosyllis)]

  • Proceraea scapularis (Claparède, 1864)

  • simillima Claparède, 1864: 537, pl. 5 fig. 4. [Syllis]

  • A junior synonym of Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863

  • tenuicirrata Claparède, 1864: 547, pl. 6 fig. 2. [Sphaerosyllis]

  • Salvatoria tenuicirrata (Claparède, 1864)

  • torulosa Claparède, 1864: 553, pl. 6 fig. 5. [Spermosyllis]

  • Exogone (Exogone) torulosa (Claparède, 1864)

  • veruger Claparède, 1868: 523, pl. 12 fig. 3. [Paedophylax]

  • Exogone veruger (Claparède, 1868)

  • Family Terebellidae

  • ambigrada Claparède, 1869: 142, pl. 18 fig. 6. [Phenacia]

  • A junior synonym of Thelepus cincinnatus (Fabricius, 1780)

  • caliendrum Claparède, 1869: 146, pl. 29 fig. 2. [Polycirrus]

  • Polycirrus caliendrum Claparède, 1869

  • flavescens Claparède, 1869: 136, pl. 23 fig. 6. [Terebella]

  • A junior synonym of Eupolymnia nesidensis (delle Chaije,1828)

  • incana Claparède, 1870a: 493, pl. 13, fig 6. [Amphitrite]

  • A junior synonym of Amphitrite rubra (Risso, 1826)

  • laevirostris Claparède, 1869: 139, pl. 9 fig. 5. [Terebella]

  • A junior synonym of Amphitritides gracilis (Grube, 1860)

  • nucleolata Claparède, 1869: 141, pl. 18 fig. 8. [Heterophenacia]

  • Thelepus nucleolata (Claparède, 1869) retrograda Claparède, 1869: 143, pl. 28 fig. 7. [Phenacia]

  • A junior synonym of Thelepus cincinnatus (Fabricius, 1780)

  • sanguinea Claparède, 1869: 128, pl. 30 fig. 1, pl. 29 fig. 3. [Heteroterebella]

  • A junior synonym of Terebella lapidaria Linnaeus, 1767

  • sulcigera Claparède, 1869: 140, pl. 18 fig. 5. [Terebella]

  • A junior synonym of Terebella lapidaria Linnaeus, 1767

  • vestita Claparède, 1869: 137, pl. 9 fig. 4. [Terebella]

  • A junior synonym of Nicolea venustula (Montagu, 1819)

  • Phylum Arthropoda

    Class Hexanauplia
    Family Clausiidae

  • Clausia Claparède, 1863: 94.

  • Clausia Claparède, 1863

  • lubbockii Claparède, 1863: 94, pl. 18 figs 7-11. [Clausia]

  • Clausia lubbockii Claparède, 1863

  • Family Lamippidae

  • proteus Claparède, 1867: 23-28, pl. 5. [Lamippe]

  • Lamippe proteus Claparède, 1867

  • Family Monstrillidae

  • danae Claparède, 1863: 95, pl. 16 figs 1-6. [Monstrilla]

  • A junior homonym replaced by Cymbasoma thompsonii (Giesbrecht, 1893)

  • Family Sabelliphilidae

  • sarsii Claparède, 1870b: 10-18, pl. 7. [Sabelliphilus]

  • Sabelliphilus sarsii Claparède, 1870

  • Class Pycnogonida
    Family Phoxichilididae

  • cheliferum Claparède, 1863: 103, pl. 18 fig. 12. [Phoxichilidium]

  • Phoxichilidium cheliferum Claparède, 1863 nomen dubium

  • Phylum Entoprocta

    Family Loxosomatidae

  • kefersteinii Claparède, 1867: 28-34, pl. 6. [Loxosoma]

  • Loxomitra kefersteinii (Claparède, 1867)

  • Phylum Gastroticha

    Family Thaumastodermatidae

    Phylum Kinorhyncha

    Class Cyclorhagida
    Family Echinoderidae

  • Echinoderes Claparède, 1863: 90, pl. 16 figs 7-16.

  • Echinoderes Claparède, 1863

  • dujardinii Claparède, 1863: 90-93, pl. 16 figs 7-16. [Echinoderes]

  • Echinoderes dujardinii Claparède, 1863

  • Phylum Nematoda

    Class Chromadorea
    Family Desmoscolecidae

  • Desmoscolex Claparède, 1863: 89.

  • Desmoscolex Claparède, 1863

  • minutus Claparède, 1863: 89, pl. 18 figs 1-7. [Desmoscolex]

  • Desmoscolex minutus Claparède, 1863

  • Family Draconematidae

  • Chaetosoma Claparède, 1863: 88.

  • A junior homonym replaced by Draconema Cobb, 1913

  • ophicephalum Claparède, 1863: 88, pl. 18 figs 2-3. [Chaetosoma]

  • Draconema ophicephalum (Claparède, 1863)

  • Phylum Nemertina

    Class Hoplonemertea
    Family Oerstediidae

  • marmoratum Claparède, 1863: 24, pl. 5 fig. 14. [Tetrastemma]

  • A junior synonym of Oerstedia dorsalis (Abildgaard in Müller, 1806) (nomenclature follows McCaul, 1963)

  • Phylum Platyhelminthes

    Family Cercyridae

  • dioica Claparède, 1863: 18, pl. 3 figs 7-11. [Planaria]

  • Sabussowia dioica (Claparède, 1863)

  • Family Cylindrostomidae

  • Enterostomum Claparède, 1861: 135.

  • Enterostomum Claparède, 1861 nomen oblitum

  • fingalianum Claparède, 1861: 135-137, pl. 6 figs 11-13. [Enterostomum]

  • Cylindrostoma fingalianum (Claparède, 1861)

  • Family Euryleptidae

  • aurita Claparède, 1861: 144-146, pl. 7 figs 5-10. [Eurylepta]

  • Oligocladus auritus (Claparède, 1861)

  • Family Leptoplanidae

  • mertensii Claparède, 1861: 147-148, pl. 7 figs 11-12. [Centrostomum]

  • Leptoplana mertensi (Claparède, 1861) nomen dubium

  • Family Macrostomidae

  • schultzii Claparède, 1863: 15, pl. 4 figs 1-2. [Macrostomum]

  • Omalostomum schultzii (Claparède, 1863)

  • Family Polycystididae

  • caledonicum Claparède, 1861: 132-134, pl. 5 fig. 5. [Prostomum]

  • Acrorhynchides caledonicum (Claparède, 1861)

  • kefersteinii Claparède, 1863: 16, pl. 3 figs 1-6. [Prostomum]

  • A junior synonym of Polycystis naegelii Kölliker, 1845

  • Family Provorticidae

  • hispidus Claparède, 1863: 15, pl. 4 fig. 1. [Vortex]

  • Provortex hispidus (Claparède, 1863)

  • incertae sedis

  • Onchogaster Claparède: 1863: 13. (Not listed in WoRMS)

  • natator Claparède: 1863: 13, pl. 5 figs 1-4. [Onchogaster] (Not listed in WoRMS)

  • pachycera Claparède, 1863: 12-13, pl. 18 fig. 1. [Cercaria] (Not listed in WoRMS)

  • Phylum Rotifera (nomenclature follows Jersabek & Leitner, 2013)

  • Class Eurotatoria
    Family Dicranophoridae

  • Balatro Claparède, 1867: 12-16, pl. 4, figs 3-4.

  • Balatro Claparède, 1867

  • calvus Claparède, 1867: 12-16, pl. 4. [Balatro]

  • Balatro calvus Claparède, 1867

  • Phylum Xenacoelomorpha

    Family Nadinidae

  • minuta Claparède, 1863: 18, pl. 5 fig. 8. [Convoluta]

  • Nadina minuta Claparède, 1863

  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Thanks are due to Peter Schuchert and Emmanuel Tardy for information on the holdings of the MHNG and other information, and to Anita Hollier for comments on the text. I am particularly grateful to Tommy Andriollo for his painstaking checking of the text and his suggestions, additions and many corrections.

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    Accepted: 5 January 2022; Published: 21 April 2022
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