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1 April 2011 Protected Area Performance and Tourism in Ghana
Hugo Jachmann, Julian Blanc, Cletus Nateg, Cletus Balangtaa, Edward Debrah, Fuseini Damma, Eric Atta-Kusi, Alex Kipo
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Abstract

Performance and adaptive management systems were introduced in all protected areas in Ghana to stop the decline in wildlife and the further loss of biodiversity. The competitive management system resulted in an increase in the relative abundance of wildlife at seven sites where the system had been in operation for 4 years (2004–2008). We examined the relationships between wildlife-based tourism and park management, and key factors that may influence tourism. First, we scrutinized the relationship between the relative abundance of illegal activity and numbers of visitors, the relative abundance of wildlife, and road network. Poaching declined with increasing numbers of tourists that acted as a deterrent, whereas poaching increased with a higher relative abundance of wildlife. Second, we examined the relationship between the numbers of visitors and the relative abundance of wildlife, species richness, distances from Accra, regional capitals and the nearest hotel; the road network on site, and the numbers of alternative tourist attractions. Increasing numbers of alternative tourist attractions, and shorter distances to the nearest hotel attracted higher numbers of visitors. An important additional factor that influenced the flow of tourists to protected areas was the presence of unique site attractions.

Hugo Jachmann, Julian Blanc, Cletus Nateg, Cletus Balangtaa, Edward Debrah, Fuseini Damma, Eric Atta-Kusi, and Alex Kipo "Protected Area Performance and Tourism in Ghana," South African Journal of Wildlife Research 41(1), 95-109, (1 April 2011). https://doi.org/10.3957/056.041.0112
Received: 3 September 2010; Accepted: 1 March 2011; Published: 1 April 2011
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KEYWORDS
performance and adaptive management systems
poaching
protected areas
tourists
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