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1 April 2014 Managing Charismatic Carnivores in Small Areas: Large Felids in South Africa
Sam M. Ferreira, Markus Hofmeyr
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Large carnivores are key foci for conservationists, tour operators and hunters alike. They provide revenue-generating opportunities,but also can be keystone species in conservation areas, influencing the maintenance of biological diversity. They often degrade livelihoods of people when coming into conflict with livestock land-uses. We acknowledge these challenges specifically for cases where large carnivores are present in small areas and propose an alternative strategy to the traditional carrying capacity approaches, directed at managing the effects of large carnivores.We advocate an approach where managers of small areas mimic natural social dynamics such as coalition tenure, density dependent changes in litter size, age at first birth and birth intervals, as well as subadult dispersal. This assists with achievement of population and evolutionary targets through a process-based approach mimicking drivers of variance in social groups. Such an applied conservation husbandry approach may have robust outcomes that do not compromise conservation values.

Sam M. Ferreira and Markus Hofmeyr "Managing Charismatic Carnivores in Small Areas: Large Felids in South Africa," South African Journal of Wildlife Research 44(1), 32-42, (1 April 2014).
Received: 2 January 2013; Accepted: 1 September 2013; Published: 1 April 2014
African lion
conservation husbandry
small reserves
social dynamics
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