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15 September 2020 Description and Phylogeny of a New Species of Andean Lizard (Gymnophthalmidae: Cercosaurinae) from the Huancabamba Depression
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Abstract

We describe a new species of Macropholidus lizard from the Andean highlands of southern Ecuador and northern Peru based on recent collections. Among other characters, the new species differs from other species of Macropholidus in having a paired series of enlarged middorsal scale rows restricted to the nape, striated dorsal scales, as well as ocelli on tail, flanks, scapular region and neck. We also present a molecular phylogeny of Cercosaurinae and genetic distances as additional evidence supporting delimitation of the new species, which is sister to M. annectens from southern Ecuador. Data on Andean orogeny and age estimates of cercosaurine lizards suggest that the Huancabamba Depression, long recognized for its dual role as a biogeographic barrier and a migration corridor, has also served as a center of origin and diversification of Macropholidus lizards.

© 2020 Brazilian Society of Herpetology
Omar Torres-Carvajal, Pablo J. Venegas, and Pedro M. Sales Nunes "Description and Phylogeny of a New Species of Andean Lizard (Gymnophthalmidae: Cercosaurinae) from the Huancabamba Depression," South American Journal of Herpetology 18(1), 13-23, (15 September 2020). https://doi.org/10.2994/SAJH-D-18-00069.1
Received: 15 October 2018; Accepted: 10 May 2019; Published: 15 September 2020
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