Open Access
Translator Disclaimer
27 June 2014 The tiny flower fairies Neocypholaelaps indica (Acari: Ameroseiidae)
Qing-Hai Fan, Fan Jiang
Author Affiliations +

Neocypholaelaps indica Evans, 1963 is the resident of flowers. It is one of the twenty known species of the genus Neocypholaelaps (De Moraes & Narita 2010). This species was found on more than thirty four kinds of flowers and also on the visitors of the flowers, such as bees, butterflies and flies. Four species of honey bees, Apis cerana, A. dorsata, A. florea and A. mellifera are known in association with this mite species (Eickwort 1988).

Evans (1963) originally described this species from Apis cerana in India. It is now distributed in Asia, North Africa and East Europe: China (Mainland: Teng & Pan 1964; Taiwan Island: Lo & Chao 1975), Egypt (Senna 1997), Korea (Woo & Lee 1993), Nepal (Baker & Delfinado 1976), Pakistan (Shafi 1986), Sri Lanka (Koeniger et al. 1983) and Russia (Grobov 1974).

Neocypholaelaps indica completes its life cycle in flowers. Pollen is the main nutrition source for them and nectar may also be used to survive. Usually all life stages, egg, larva, protonymph, deutonymph and adult, are present in a flower (Cover photo, bottom left and right). The adult females disperse with the aid of bees and other flower visitors (Cover photo, top left and right). They are often seen in bee hives in very large numbers in flowering seasons. We collected female mites from both European bee Apis mellifera (Plate 1. left) and Asian bee A. cerana (Plate 1. right) in mid-April in Fuzhou, China. Seventy females were counted from a single Asian bee and one to a dozen of females were found in pollen granules collected by bees.

PLATE 1.

Left: Neocypholaelaps indica on the thorax of Apis mellifera on a flower of Rhododendron sp.; Right: Neocypholaelaps indica on the thorax of Apis cerana on a flower of Camellia sinensis (Photograph: F. Jiang).

p01_248.jpg

References

1.

E.W. Baker & M.D. Delfinado ( 1976) Notes on the bee mite Neocypholaelaps indica Evans, 1963. American Bee Journal , 116(8), 384 & 386. Google Scholar

2.

G.J. De Moraes & J.P.Z. Narita ( 2010) Description of a new species of Neocypholaelaps (Acari: Ameroseiidae) from Brazil, with a key to the world species. Zootaxa , 2554, 37–44. Google Scholar

3.

G.C. Eickwort ( 1988) The origins of mites associated with honey bees. In: G.R. Needham , R.E. Page , M. Delfinado-Baker & C.E. Bowman (Eds.), Africanized Honey Bees and Bee Mites , Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 327–338. Google Scholar

4.

G.O. Evans ( 1963) The genus Neocypholaelaps Vitzthum (Acari: Mesostigmata). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 13, 6(64), 209–230.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222936308651345 Google Scholar

5.

O.F. Grobov ( 1974) Gamasoid mites as parasites of bees. Veterinariya, Moscow, USSR, 8, 78–82. Google Scholar

6.

N. Koeniger , G. Koeniger & M. Delfinado-Baker ( 1983) Observations on mites of the Asian honeybee species (Apis cerana, Apis dorsata, Apis florea). Apidologie , 14(3), 197–204. Google Scholar

7.

K.C. Lo & R.S. Chao ( 1975) Preliminary investigations on bee mites in Taiwan. Journal of Agricultural Research of China , 24(1/2), 50–56. Google Scholar

8.

F.M.A. Senna ( 1997) A new record of phoretic mites on honey bee Apis mellifera L. in Egypt. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology , 27(3), 667–680. Google Scholar

9.

M. Shafi ( 1986) Pest and disease records. Pakistan. A new mite pest of hive bees. Quarterly Newsletter, Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Commission , 29(3), 31. Google Scholar

10.

K.-F. Teng & Z.-W. Pan ( 1964) An ameroseiid mite—Neocypholaelaps indica Evans from Apis mellifera[honey bee]. Acta Entomologica Sinica , 13(5), 771–772. Google Scholar

11.

K.S. Woo & J.H. Lee ( 1993) A study on the mites inhabiting beehives in Korea. I. Korean Journal of Apiculture , 8(2), 140–156. Google Scholar
© 2014 Systematic & Applied Acarology Society
Qing-Hai Fan and Fan Jiang "The tiny flower fairies Neocypholaelaps indica (Acari: Ameroseiidae)," Systematic and Applied Acarology 19(2), 248-249, (27 June 2014). https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.19.2.15
Accepted: 1 May 2014; Published: 27 June 2014
JOURNAL ARTICLE
2 PAGES


Share
SHARE
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top