The taxonomic status of the genus Dicondyla is discussed, and it is removed from the synonymy of Dolicheremaeus. Dicondyla fossalissp. nov., is described from litter in Yunnan Province of China. It differs from other known species of this genus by the shorter notogastral seta la pressed into a groove on notogastral surface, compared to the other notogastral setae. An identification key to all known species of Dicondyla is given.