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18 August 2021 Morphological descriptions and DNA barcodes of Oziella viscida n. sp. (Eriophyoidea, Phytoptidae) and two infrequently reported Trisetacus species (Nalepellidae) from Crimea
Philipp E. Chetverikov, Denis S. Fedorov, Anna E. Romanovich, Jacqueline V. Sarratt
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Abstract

We report on a new phytoptid mite species, Oziella viscida n. sp., collected in Western Crimea from sea rush, Juncus maritimus (Juncaceae), and give supplementary descriptions of two rarely encountered nalepellid species of the genus Trisetacus from pines: T. confusus Livshits & Vasilieva, 1982 (in ) from needle sheaths of Pinus nigra ssp. pallasiana (Pinaceae), an endemic subspecies restricted to Crimea, and T. brevisetus Livshits & Sekerskaya, 1982 (in ) from needle sheaths of Pinus brutia ssp. pityusa (Steven) Silba, a relatively isolated subspecies of Turkish pine (P. brutia Tenore) growing in Georgia, Caucasus and Crimea. Oziella viscida n. sp. is remarkable in that most specimens were found inhabiting the basal part of leaves and stems of J. maritimus, an area covered by a transparent, sticky exudate apparently secreted by the plant epidermis. The mites were completely embedded in this substance and, rather than crawling with their legs, were observed moving through the viscous material while bending their opisthosoma in a serpentine or wormlike manner—an adaptation that appears to be currently unreported in eriophyoids and possibly reminiscent of locomotion of ancestral “protoeriophyoids” associated with soil. In comparison to females, males of O. viscida n. sp. and T. confusus have a more distinct prodorsal shield pattern consisting of a larger number of longer lines. Three new barcode gene sequences were obtained: MZ220550 (Cox1, O. viscida n. sp., 1159 bp), MZ224497 (18S, 2012 bp, T. brevisetus), and MZ224498 (18S, 2013 bp T. confusus). A BLAST search of the 18S sequences of T. brevisetus and T. confusus shows them as slightly closer to other 18S sequences of Trisetacus from Pinaceae (95.5%–96.3% identity) than to Trisetacus from Cupressaceae (93.6%–94.0% identity). Comparison of sequences of nalepellids currently present in GenBank suggest that a complete 18S sequence KJ841938.1 (2252 bp) from China belongs to an identified Trisetacus from Pinaceae rather than to Setoptus koraiensis as labelled, highlighting the necessity to review carefully the sequences of Eriophyoidea prior to using them in phylogenetic analyses, as well as the need to recollect and resequence S. koraiensis to clarify the nature of the problematic data from GenBank assigned to this species.

© Systematic & Applied Acarology Society
Philipp E. Chetverikov, Denis S. Fedorov, Anna E. Romanovich, and Jacqueline V. Sarratt "Morphological descriptions and DNA barcodes of Oziella viscida n. sp. (Eriophyoidea, Phytoptidae) and two infrequently reported Trisetacus species (Nalepellidae) from Crimea," Systematic and Applied Acarology 26(9), 1619-1635, (18 August 2021). https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.26.9.1
Received: 23 May 2021; Accepted: 12 July 2021; Published: 18 August 2021
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