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1 October 2013 Do Infections Lead to Higher Feather Mite Loads in Birds? A Test with Mycoplasmal Conjunctivitis in House Finches (Haemorhous mexicanus)
Andrew K. Davis, Emily Cornelius
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Current evidence suggests that the health effect of avian feather mites is minimal. However, feather mites can still proliferate without effective preening, such as might occur during sickness. House Finches (Haemorhous mexicanus) are prone to infection by Mycoplasma gallisepticum, symptoms of which include conjunctivitis. Impaired vision and lethargy associated with the disease may limit preening ability. We examined trapping data from a 4-year study of Mycoplasma infection dynamics in House Finches in Atlanta, Georgia, to determine whether birds with conjunctivitis had higher feather mite loads. Abundance of feather mites (Proctophyllodes spp.) and conjunctivitis severity were visually scored on >800 House Finches of known age and sex. Feather mite abundance showed a distinct seasonal pattern: mite loads increased in July and remained high through January. Limiting the analyses to these months, we found that average mite scores were higher in birds with (n = 94) than in those without (n = 275) conjunctivitis, and mite loads increased with conjunctivitis severity. Although not significant, the mite scores in recaptured birds in relation to infection status support the other findings in the present study. Although these results from field-collected birds do not demonstrate cause and effect, they are consistent with prior studies in which feather mites increased in experimentally infected birds. The implications of this proliferation for the birds require further study, but given that feather mites consume oil and debris from feathers, their high numbers during illness could be beneficial.

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Andrew K. Davis and Emily Cornelius "Do Infections Lead to Higher Feather Mite Loads in Birds? A Test with Mycoplasmal Conjunctivitis in House Finches (Haemorhous mexicanus)," The Auk 130(4), 708-714, (1 October 2013).
Received: 27 March 2013; Accepted: 1 September 2013; Published: 1 October 2013
feather mites
Haemorhous mexicanus
House Finch
Mycoplasma gallisepticum
Proctophyllodes spp
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