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1 September 2005 Splachnum pensylvanicum (Splachnaceae) is Recorded from the Southern Hemisphere
Michael Lüth, Bernard Goffinet
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The genus Splachnum is newly recorded from Brazil based on a collection from Santa Catarina. Inferences from two chloroplast loci, the trnL-trnF region and the rps4 gene, indicate that this sample is closely allied to the primarily North American S. pensylvanicum, but differs by several mutations. Examination of populations of S. pensylvanicum suggests that this species is fairly variable morphologically, and that the Brazilian specimen, although atypic, cannot be distinguished from the Northern Hemisphere populations. The population from Santa Catarina, Brazil, is only the second record of this species from South America and the first from the Southern Hemisphere.

Michael Lüth and Bernard Goffinet "Splachnum pensylvanicum (Splachnaceae) is Recorded from the Southern Hemisphere," The Bryologist 108(3), 415-419, (1 September 2005).[0415:SPSIRF]2.0.CO;2
Received: 12 January 2005; Accepted: 1 May 2005; Published: 1 September 2005
South America
Splachnum pensylvanicum
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