Translator Disclaimer
4 August 2014 Two new genera of Arthoniales from New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands, with the description of eight further species
André Aptroot
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Two new genera in the Arthoniales are described from the Pacific Islands. Glyphopsis, with the new species G. aurantiodisca from New Caledonia is characterized by a thallus containing divaricatic acid and zeorin and sessile grouped ascomata with bright orange discs and raised lecanorine margins, and the ascospores hyaline and muriform. Gossypiothallon, with the new species G. appendisporum from the Solomon Islands is characterized by a byssoid thallus containing zeorin and pedicillate, simple ascomata with pale pink discs, without differentiated margins and hyaline, bacillar, 3-septate ascospores with two polar, usually curved gelatinous appendages. Eight further corticolous crustose lichens are described from either New Caledonia or the Solomon Islands. Byssoloma xanthonicum is characterized by a thallus containing norstictic acid and lichexanthone and 3-septate ascospores. Cliostomum ovocarpum has orange yellow, convex apothecia and 1-septate ascospores. Crocynia minutiloba has palmately branched lobes on a thick whitish byssoid hypothallus and flat lecideoid apothecia. Megalotremis dolabarata has superficial cylindrical grey pycnidia and simple ellipsoid conidia. Pyrenula filiformis has a thallus with pseudocyphellae covering most part of the ascomata and 11–17-septate, slender fusiform to slightly clavate ascospores. Pyrenula mastigophora has 5-septate ascospores with an up to 25 µm long tail at the lower end. Pyrenula spissitunicata has a thallus with lichexanthone, fused ascomata with common ostioles covered by thallus and ascospores resembling a Pyrgillus. The lichenicolous fungus Pyrenidium coccineum (parasitic on Siphula decumbens) has red ascomata which stain herbarium boxes blue.

The American Bryological and Lichenological Society, Inc.
André Aptroot "Two new genera of Arthoniales from New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands, with the description of eight further species," The Bryologist 117(3), 282-289, (4 August 2014). https://doi.org/10.1639/0007-2745-117.3.282
Received: 28 February 2014; Accepted: 1 June 2014; Published: 4 August 2014
JOURNAL ARTICLE
8 PAGES


Share
SHARE
KEYWORDS
Byssoloma
Cliostomum
Crocynia
Glyphopsis
Gossypiothallon
Megalotremis
Pyrenidium
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top