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8 December 2020 Morphology of gemmae, an overlooked taxonomic trait in the genus Marchantia L. (Marchantiaceae)
Tian-Xiong Zheng, Yuya Inoue, Masaki Shimamura
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Most taxa of the genus Marchantia L. (Marchantiaceae) produce multicellular gemmae within gemma cups. They are discoid bodies with two notches and a trace of stalk. Although gemmae of Marchantia have been of interest to physiological and developmental studies, they have been rarely used as a taxonomic character. To improve understanding of the taxonomic significance of gemma morphology, we investigated gemmae of six Japanese Marchantia (including four subspecies) and provide comparative morphological descriptions and a key. Several characters of the gemmae, including size, shape, morphology of marginal cells, and the presence or absence of mucilage hairs were useful in species identification. Morphological similarity of gemmae between M. polymoprpha and M. paleacea, as well as between M. emarginata and M. pinnata, was consistent with the results of molecular phylogenetic analyses. We recommend that morphology of gemmae should be used as a new taxonomic character in the genus Marchantia.

Copyright ©2020 by The American Bryological and Lichenological Society, Inc.
Tian-Xiong Zheng, Yuya Inoue, and Masaki Shimamura "Morphology of gemmae, an overlooked taxonomic trait in the genus Marchantia L. (Marchantiaceae)," The Bryologist 123(4), 601-610, (8 December 2020).
Received: 22 April 2020; Accepted: 4 September 2020; Published: 8 December 2020
Gemma morphology
phylogenetic analyses
taxonomic character
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