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1 June 2011 Case 3544
Apisarmbrusteri Zeuner, 1931 (Insecta, Hymenoptera): proposed conservation by designation of a neotype
Michael S. Engel, Ulrich Kotthoff, Torsten Wappler
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The purpose of this application, under Article 75.5 of the Code, is to conserve the name Apis armbrusteri Zeuner, 1931 for a species of fossil honey bee occurring in the Miocene fauna of southwestern Germany. The holotype is the hollow impression of a bee from the Early Miocene Böttingen Marmor and, aside from attributing the taxon to the tribe apini, no details regarding its specific identity can be gleaned from this specimen. Nonetheless, this name has been universally applied to the Early Miocene honey bees from Böttingen Marmor and the related contemporaneous site from the same crater series, Randeck Maar, since Zeuner & Manning (1976). Although A. armbrusteri is recognised as a nomen dubium, to resurrect the unused specific epithet Apis scheuthlei (Armbruster, 1938) for these bees would be counter to current usage and would destabilise a voluminous literature on honey bee evolution and ecology. It would also threaten the subgeneric name Cascapis Engel, 1999 as A. armbrusteri sensu Zeuner & Manning (1976), i.e. based on the Randeck Maar material, is its type species by original designation. Accordingly, it is proposed that the unidentifiable holotype be set aside and one of the more exquisitely preserved and easily diagnosable specimens from this same fauna be designated as neotype, thereby stabilising the honey bee taxonomy and bringing the application of the name A. armbrusteri in line with universal current usage.

Michael S. Engel, Ulrich Kotthoff, and Torsten Wappler "Case 3544
Apisarmbrusteri Zeuner, 1931 (Insecta, Hymenoptera): proposed conservation by designation of a neotype," The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 68(2), 117-121, (1 June 2011).
Published: 1 June 2011
Apis armbrusteri
fossil honey bees
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