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1 January 2009 Biology of Caloptilia Fraxinella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) on Ornamental Green Ash, Fraxinus Pennsylvanica (Oleaceae)
M.L. Evenden
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The ash leaf cone roller, Caloptilia fraxinella (Ely), is a leaf-mining moth that has recently become a significant pest of horticultural ash, Fraxinus L., species in communities throughout the western prairie provinces of Canada. The study examines the spatial and temporal within-host distribution of immature stages of C. fraxinella on green ash, Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. Female C. fraxinella showed a preference for oviposition sites in the lower canopy and on the south side of the tree at the beginning and middle of the 3-week oviposition period, respectively, but no preference at the end of the period. Oviposition was constrained temporally and occurred mainly just after green ash bud flush. Immature stages were sampled throughout the growing season, and measured widths of larval head capsules showed five instars. Fourth-instar larvae disperse from the mined leaflet to a new leaflet, roll it into a cone, and pupate. Neither canopy height nor ordinal direction affected the position of larvae in the canopy, but numbers of immature stages varied by tree within a site. Female and male moths eclose from rolled leaf cones synchronously throughout the emergence period. The study provides some of the basic biological information required to design an integrated pest management program to target this emerging pest of horticultural ash trees.

© 2009 Entomological Society of Canada
M.L. Evenden "Biology of Caloptilia Fraxinella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) on Ornamental Green Ash, Fraxinus Pennsylvanica (Oleaceae)," The Canadian Entomologist 141(1), 31-39, (1 January 2009).
Received: 2 May 2008; Accepted: 1 September 2008; Published: 1 January 2009

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