Translator Disclaimer
1 April 2011 Biology and Integrated Management of Wheat Stem Sawfly and the Need for Continuing Research
B.L. Beres, L.M. Dosdall, D.K. Weaver, H.A. Cárcamo, D.M. Spaner
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

The wheat stem sawfly, Cephus cinctus Norton (Hymenoptera: Cephidae), is historically one of the most important economic insect pests in the northern Great Plains of North America. Within this geographical region, the areas subjected to greatest attack are southern Alberta and Saskatchewan, southwestern Manitoba, eastern and northern Montana, North Dakota, northern South Dakota, and western Minnesota. Cumulative grain-yield losses and annual economic losses associated with this pest can exceed 30% and $350 million, respectively. Solid-stemmed cultivars of common wheat, Triticum aestivum L. (Poaceae), tolerant of infestation, are critical for C. cinctus management, but outbreaks of this pest continue to occur even after six decades of cultivar development. Furthermore, chemical control (a primary control option for other cereal (Poaceae) insect pests) has proven ineffective; this underscores the need to integrate resistant cultivars into a comprehensive integrated pest management program. We provide overviews of wheat stem sawfly biology, recent advances in applied research, the efficacy and integration of cultural and biological management strategies, and future directions for global research activities to manage wheat stem sawfly.

© 2011 Entomological Society of Canada
B.L. Beres, L.M. Dosdall, D.K. Weaver, H.A. Cárcamo, and D.M. Spaner "Biology and Integrated Management of Wheat Stem Sawfly and the Need for Continuing Research," The Canadian Entomologist 143(2), 105-125, (1 April 2011). https://doi.org/10.4039/n10-056
Received: 4 August 2010; Accepted: 1 November 2010; Published: 1 April 2011
JOURNAL ARTICLE
21 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

Share
SHARE
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top