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1 August 2009 Lek Structure and Male Display Repertoire of Blue-Crowned Manakins in Eastern Ecuador
Renata Durães
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Among lek-breeding manakins (Pipridae), courtship repertoires are extremely diverse and have played a central role in establishing phylogenetic relationships within the family. Behaviorally, Lepidothrix is among the least known genera in the family, with brief accounts published for only two of the eight species. Here, I describe the lek structure, territory characteristics, vocalizations and behavioral display elements of the Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata coronata) in eastern Ecuador. From 2003 to 2006, I located all leks in two 100-ha study plots (average of 13.5 leks 100 ha-1) and recorded behavior at individual territories in ten leks. Males displayed solitarily or at exploded leks with up to seven individual territories of ∼0.1 ha; within a lek, territory centers were separated by about 90 m. Males in definitive and predefinitive plumage (2 years and older) held stable territories, whereas first-year, female-plumaged males did not hold stable territories but sometimes associated loosely with territorial males. I noted 4 vocalizations and 11 male display behaviors during solitary and group displays involving other males and females, revealing a repertoire considerably more diverse than previously documented.

© 2009 by The Cooper Ornithological Society. All rights reserved. Please direct all requests for permission to photocopy or reproduce article content through the University of California Press's Rights and Permissions website,
Renata Durães "Lek Structure and Male Display Repertoire of Blue-Crowned Manakins in Eastern Ecuador," The Condor 111(3), 453-461, (1 August 2009).
Received: 3 December 2008; Accepted: 1 June 2009; Published: 1 August 2009

Blue-crowned Manakin
display behavior
Lepidothrix coronata
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