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1 November 2017 Natural History and Distribution of Papaipema aweme (Noctuidae)
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Abstract

Papaipema aweme (Lyman) was previously known only from seven specimens and five localities globally, and was thought to be a critically imperiled species of dunes, alvars, and other dry habitats. Life history information was lacking. We documented fifty-nine specimens from 2009–2016 at six new locations spanning 1,555 km from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to eastern Saskatchewan. Larvae were found boring in the stems and rhizomes of Menyanthes trifoliata L. (Menyanthaceae) in open graminoid rich fen habitats at two of these localities. All localities are rich fens with abundant M. trifoliata; such habitats are or were present in the vicinity of all five historical records (1905–2005). These discoveries suggest P. aweme is a peatland specialist and is likely much more common and widespread than present records indicate.

Kyle E. Johnson, Dwayne R. Badgero, and Anthony McBride "Natural History and Distribution of Papaipema aweme (Noctuidae)," The Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 71(4), 199-210, (1 November 2017). https://doi.org/10.18473/lepi.71i4.a2
Received: 18 April 2017; Accepted: 12 July 2017; Published: 1 November 2017
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