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31 March 2015 Attraction of non-target insects to three male fruit fly lures in California
Robert V. Dowell
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The attraction of non-target insects to the male fruit fly lures methyl eugenol (1,2-Dimethoxy-4-prop-2-en-1-ylbenzene), cue-lure (4-[4-(acetyloxy)pheny1]-2-butanone), and trimedlure (t-Buty1-2-methy1-4-chlorocyclohexanecarboxylate) was examined in the main plant communities in California, except the desert, in 2012 and 2013. A total of 39,166 non-target insects were trapped during the study. Of these, 27 species or morphospecies in five orders and 20 families were deemed as attracted to one of the male lures. The most common of these were in the Syrphidae (Diptera) genera: Platycheirus Le Peletier & Serville, 1828, Melanostoma Schiner, 1860, Meliscaeva Zetterstadt, 1843, Ferdinandea Latreille, 1802, Hadromyia Verrall, 1901, Blera Billberg, 1820, and Melangyna Williston, 1882, as well as the genus Empis Linnaeus, 1758 (Diptera: Empididae) and the genus Orchesia Latreille, 1807 (Coleoptera: Melandryidae). The low capture rate of these non-target insects (<4/day maximum), combined with the discrete nature of the California Department of Food and Agriculture's trapping and fruit fly eradication programs using the lures, indicates that the use of these lures will not have a significant impact on non-target insects attracted to them.

Robert V. Dowell "Attraction of non-target insects to three male fruit fly lures in California," The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 91(1), 1-19, (31 March 2015).
Received: 5 March 2014; Published: 31 March 2015
Blera scitula
Chionodes kubai
Hadromyia pulcha
Melanostoma mellinum
Meliscaeva cincetella
Minettia flaveola
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