Translator Disclaimer
1 September 2006 DO AMERICAN ROBINS ACQUIRE SONGS BY BOTH IMITATING AND INVENTING?
STEVEN L. JOHNSON
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Although the majority of oscine species acquire a song repertoire by imitating songs they have been exposed to, some species also improvise and invent songs. To test the hypothesis that American Robins (Turdus migratorius) both imitate and invent the elements of their whistle songs, I analyzed the song repertoires of wild robins at three locations in western Massachusetts and the song development of five tutor-trained nestling robins. Robins appear to invent or improvise most of the elements in their repertoires (75–82%), but as fledglings and juveniles they acquire the remaining elements by imitating the songs of neighboring birds.

STEVEN L. JOHNSON "DO AMERICAN ROBINS ACQUIRE SONGS BY BOTH IMITATING AND INVENTING?," The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118(3), 341-352, (1 September 2006). https://doi.org/10.1676/05-048.1
Received: 29 April 2005; Accepted: 1 February 2006; Published: 1 September 2006
JOURNAL ARTICLE
12 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top