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1 March 2017 Eye-ring coloration is not a reliable indicator for aging Mangrove Cuckoos (Coccyzus minor)
Rachel D. Frieze, John D. Lloyd
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Soft-part coloration can be a useful method for determining the age of a bird. For example, hatch-year and early second-year Mangrove Cuckoos (Coccyzus minor) are supposedly distinguishable from older birds based on the presence of a dusky gray eye-ring; individuals gain a vivid yellow eye-ring in their second year of life that they retain for the rest of adulthood. However, observational data collected on banded Mangrove Cuckoos throughout the year indicate that eye-ring coloration varies seasonally rather than with age. We captured and banded two individuals in early spring, each with a yellow eye-ring. Re-sightings of these individuals later in the spring and early summer revealed that the eye-ring had changed to a dusky gray color. Subsequent re-sightings of these individuals again in the fall and winter revealed that both once again had a yellow eye ring. In reviewing photographs and notes taken during observation of marked and unmarked individuals, we determined that this pattern—a yellow eye-ring during late summer, fall, and winter (nonbreeding) and a dusky-gray eye-ring during spring and early summer (breeding)—was consistent across individuals in the population in Florida that we studied.

Rachel D. Frieze and John D. Lloyd "Eye-ring coloration is not a reliable indicator for aging Mangrove Cuckoos (Coccyzus minor)," The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 129(1), 163-165, (1 March 2017).
Received: 21 August 2015; Accepted: 1 May 2016; Published: 1 March 2017
age determination
bare-part coloration
Coccyzus minor
Mangrove Cuckoo
soft-part coloration
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