1 March 2017 Migratory Connectivity of North American Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia) Populations
David P. Craig, Keith Larson
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Migratory connectivity of Caspian Terns (Hydroprogne caspia) was investigated using individuals marked in North America between 1922 and 2015. The results support recent genetic work describing three breeding regions (Pacific, Great Lakes, and Central Canada). Further, our results show strong migratory connectivity of Pacific breeders to wintering regions in central and western Mexico, and connectivity of Great Lakes breeders to wintering regions in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean. This integrated picture of demographic connectivity throughout North America should help in planning more effective management of the species.

David P. Craig and Keith Larson "Migratory Connectivity of North American Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia) Populations," Waterbirds 40(1), 58-62, (1 March 2017). https://doi.org/10.1675/063.040.0108
Received: 7 June 2015; Accepted: 1 November 2016; Published: 1 March 2017
bird banding
Caspian tern
Hydroprogne caspia
migratory connectivity
North America
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