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1 May 2000 Comparison of acetolactate synthase enzyme inhibition among resistant and susceptible Xanthium strumarium biotypes
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Abstract

Failure to control Xanthium strumarium with acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitor herbicides has been reported in Iowa and surrounding states. Single-seed descent techniques were used to isolate three X. strumarium biotypes: CAM-10 from near Cambridge, Iowa; Colo-25 from near Colo, Iowa; and Ohio-1 from Fulton County, Ohio. Ohio-1 and Colo-25 were selected because of apparent resistance to imazethapyr, whereas CAM-10 was selected for observed sensitivity to imazethapyr. The biotypes were assayed in vitro with three different ALS inhibitor herbicides, and ALS activity was measured. The 50% inhibition values (I50) of ALS for imazethapyr were determined to be ninefold or higher for the Ohio-1 and Colo-25 biotypes compared to the CAM-10 biotype. The I50 for imazaquin was determined to be about ninefold higher for the Colo-25 biotype and sixfold higher for the Ohio-1 biotype when compared to the CAM-10 biotype. All biotypes were equally sensitive to chlorimuron ethyl. The resistance was due to a single dominant nuclear gene.

Nomenclature:Chlorimuron; imazethapyr; Xanthium strumarium L. XANST, common cocklebur.

James M. Lee and Micheal D. K. Owen "Comparison of acetolactate synthase enzyme inhibition among resistant and susceptible Xanthium strumarium biotypes," Weed Science 48(3), 286-290, (1 May 2000). https://doi.org/10.1614/0043-1745(2000)048[0286:COASEI]2.0.CO;2
Received: 7 May 1999; Published: 1 May 2000
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