Barnyardgrass (BYG) has been the most frequently reported troublesome weed in rice because it is an aggressive invader, is difficult to control, and reduces yields significantly. A replacement series study was conducted to determine how a naturally suppressive cultivar (T65*2/TN 1; ‘PI 312777’), a nonsuppressive cultivar (‘Lemont’), and an F3 cross between the two (‘PI 312777 × Lemont’) would interfere with BYG in the southern United States. The rice cultivars did not differentially affect BYG height. The PI 312777 produced more tillers and greater shoot dry weight but was only moderately competitive (relative yield [RY]) or aggressive (relative crowding coefficient) against BYG. Competitiveness at 2:2 rice and BYG mixture proportion and replacement series illustrations on RYs for the number of tillers and shoot dry weights for the three rice cultivars indicated that PI 312777 suppressed BYG growth relatively better than the other two cultivars. Plant-for-plant, PI 312777 was more competitive than Lemont. PI 312777 × Lemont suppressed BYG relatively less than did PI 312777 and therefore would require significant genetic improvements before it is suitable for commercial use in a reduced herbicide production system.
Nomenclature: Barnyardgrass, Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. ECHCG; rice, Oryza sativa L. ‘PI 312777’, ‘Lemont’, ‘PI 312777 × Lemont’.