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1 January 2006 Iron antagonism of MSMA herbicide applied to bermudagrass: characterization of the Fe2 -MAA complexation reaction
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Discoloration of bermudagrass often results from application of MSMA herbicide used to control southern crabgrass and other weeds. However, when products containing iron sulfate (FeSO4) are tank-mixed with MSMA, this discoloration is reduced. Experiments investigated the effect of tank-mixing organic arsenical herbicides with FeSO4 or a chelated iron source (Sprint 330) in terms of southern crabgrass control and injury to bermudagrass. Tank-mixing MSMA with FeSO4 reduced bermudagrass injury. However, southern crabgrass control was also reduced by at least 50% with the addition of ≥0.38 kg Fe2 ha−1. Neither antagonism nor safening of bermudagrass was observed when the chelated Fe2 source was used. Applying FeSO4 as a separate treatment 1 to 4 d before or after MSMA application did not reduce visual burmudagrass injury 1 wk after treatment. Solution pH and FeSO4 concentration controlled the extent of complexation and level of antagonism observed in the field; inorganic Fe2 reacted with MSMA to form a complex having reduced herbicidal activity. Potentiometric and spectrophotometric investigations found that methylarsonate, the parent acid of MSMA and other organic arsenical herbicides, reacts with inorganic Fe2 to form a stable 1:1 Fe2 -methylarsonic acid chelate having two points of metal coordination and a stability constant log10 (β) = 2.77 ± 0.04. Tank-mixing MSMA with FeSO4 to protect against bermudagrass injury negates the benefit of applying the herbicide for weed control, and therefore is not a recommendable practice for turf managers.

Nomenclature: MSMA; common bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.; southern crabgrass, Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. DIGSP.

Joseph H. Massey, James M. Taylor, Nursen Binbuga, Kristen Chambers, G. Euel Coats, and William P. Henry "Iron antagonism of MSMA herbicide applied to bermudagrass: characterization of the Fe2 -MAA complexation reaction," Weed Science 54(1), 23-30, (1 January 2006).
Received: 7 July 2005; Accepted: 1 October 2005; Published: 1 January 2006

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