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1 March 2007 Polymeric Resins Adsorb and Release Oryzalin in Response to PH
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Two polymeric anion-exchange resins and one sorbent resin were evaluated for their propensity to adsorb, and subsequently desorb, oryzalin. The intent was to determine whether these resins could adsorb and subsequently release oryzalin in a manner that would render these resins as an option for slow-release herbicide delivery. The dinitroaniline herbicide oryzalin is weakly acidic with a dissociation constant (pKa) of 8.6. An additional objective was to determine whether altering the pH between sorption and desorption would enhance the desired performance. Maximum oryzalin sorption by the two anion-exchange resins was between 127 and 132 mg g−1 ai. The sorbent resin was adsorbed at a maximum concentration of 191 mg g−1 ai. Maximum sorption occurred with the pH 10 solutions with all resins. Average oryzalin desorption by the anion-exchange resin was between 0.12 and 3.84 mg g−1 per desorption event. Maximum desorption occurred at pH 6.0. Results reveal that the resins evaluated may have merit for slow-release herbicide delivery.

Nomenclature: Oryzalin.

Glenn B. Fain, Timothy L. Grey, Glenn R. Wehtje, Charles H. Gilliam, and Jason A. Osborne "Polymeric Resins Adsorb and Release Oryzalin in Response to PH," Weed Science 55(2), 157-163, (1 March 2007).
Received: 11 January 2006; Accepted: 1 October 2006; Published: 1 March 2007

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