The genetic diversity of 39 clones of common reed originating from different geographical areas of Iran were evaluated using morphological and RAPD analyses. High level of morphological variation was observed among clones. The 16 primers used in this study amplified 149 scorable RAPD loci among which 123 were polymorphic (83.1%). A dendrogram was prepared on the basis of a similarity matrix of RAPD data using the unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic averages (UPGMA) algorithm and separated the 39 clones into four groups, which mainly were in accordance with geographical origins. The results of the morphological comparison mostly corresponded with the results of RAPD analysis. It is possible that these variations among clones will affect successful management of common reed using chemical or the other methods of control.
Nomenclature: Common reed, Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.