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1 July 2017 Cross-resistance Patterns to Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase Inhibitors Associated with Different Mutations in Japanese Foxtail (Alopecurus japonicus)
Guoqi Chen, Lingyue Wang, Hongle Xu, Xibao Wu, Lang Pan, Liyao Dong
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Abstract

Japanese foxtail is a grass weed in eastern China. This weed is controlled by fenoxaprop-P-ethyl, one of the most common acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase)-inhibiting herbicides. Some Japanese foxtail populations have developed resistance to fenoxaprop-P-ethyl, owing to target-site mutations (amino acid substitutions) located within the carboxyl transferase domain of ACCase. In the present study, three mutations were detected in three fenoxaprop-P-ethyl—resistant Japanese foxtail populations: Ile-1781-Leu in JCJT-2, Ile-2041-Asn in JZJR-1, and Asp-2078-Gly in JCWJ-3. Two copies of ACCase (Acc1-1 and Acc1-2) were identified, but mutations were detected only in Acc1-1. The derived cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (dCAPS) method detected these mutations successfully in Japanese foxtail. The mutation frequencies in JCJT-2, JZJR-1, and JCWJ-3 were approximately 98%, 92%, and 87%, respectively. Different cross-resistance patterns to ACCase inhibitors were found in the three resistant populations. JCJT-2 (Ile-1781-Leu) and JZJR-1 (Ile-2041-Asn) showed cross-resistance to haloxyfop-R-methyl, clodinafop-propargyl, and pinoxaden, but were susceptible to clethodim. JCWJ-3 (Asp-2078-Gly) showed cross-resistance to all tested ACCase-inhibiting herbicides.

Nomenclature: Clethodim; clodinafop-propargyl; fenoxaprop-P-ethyl; pinoxaden; haloxyfop-R-methyl; Japanese foxtail, Alopecurus japonicus Steud.

© Weed Science Society of America, 2017
Guoqi Chen, Lingyue Wang, Hongle Xu, Xibao Wu, Lang Pan, and Liyao Dong "Cross-resistance Patterns to Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase Inhibitors Associated with Different Mutations in Japanese Foxtail (Alopecurus japonicus)," Weed Science 65(4), 444-451, (1 July 2017). https://doi.org/10.1017/wsc.2017.6
Received: 19 February 2017; Accepted: 1 February 2017; Published: 1 July 2017
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