Field experiments were conducted across the north-central United States to determine the benefits of various weed control strategies in corn. Weed control, corn yield, and economic return increased when a preemergence (PRE) broad-spectrum herbicide was followed by (fb) postemergence (POST) herbicides. Weed control decisions based on field scouting after a PRE broad-spectrum herbicide application increased weed control and economic return. Application of a PRE grass herbicide fb a POST herbicide based on field scouting resulted in less control of velvetleaf and morningglory species, corn yield, and economic return compared with a PRE broad-spectrum herbicide application fb scouting. Cultivation after a PRE broad-spectrum herbicide application increased weed control and corn yield compared with the herbicide applied alone, but economic return was not increased. An early-postemergence herbicide application fb cultivation resulted in the highest level of broadleaf weed control, the highest corn yield, and the greatest economic return compared with all other strategies. Weed control based on scouting proved to be useful in reducing the effect of weed escapes on corn yield and increased economic return compared with PRE herbicide application alone. However, economic return was not greater than the PRE fb planned POST or total POST strategies.
Nomenclature: Morningglory species, Ipomoea spp.; velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti L. Medicus #3 ABUTH; corn, Zea mays L.
Additional index words: Abutilon theophrasti, ABUTH, CHEAL, Chenopodium album, cultivation, economic analysis, field scouting, Ipomoea spp., IPOSS, Setaria spp., SETSS, weed control systems.
Abbreviations: EPOST, early postemergence; fb, followed by; POST, postemergence; PRE, preemergence.